๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ Vietnam Flag Unveiled: Colors, Meaning, Coat of Arms, Flag Map, and Similar Flags

The flag of Vietnam stands as a symbol that encapsulates the essence and identity of the nation, reflecting its journey through time. This emblem is a marker of sovereignty and a testament to its people’s enduring spirit and collective aspirations.

Flag of Vietnam

Flag of Vietnam with a red background and a large yellow star in the center.
Flag of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

The simple design of the Vietnam flag conveys profound meanings tied to the country’s cultural and historical context, making it a subject of pride and unity for Vietnamese citizens.

It features a distinguished yet simple and profound design with a bold red canvas adorned with a prominent five-pointed star at its center. This configuration is not merely a matter of aesthetics but is imbued with deep significance, reflecting the nation’s ideals and the unity of its diverse populace.

Flag of Vietnam: Color Palette



RGB: 218, 37, 29

CMYK: 0, 83, 87, 15



RGB: 255, 255, 0

CMYK: 0, 0, 100, 0

The color palette of the Vietnamese flag, marked by its vivid contrast, mirrors the nation’s geographical diversity, from its sprawling rice fields to its expansive coastlines.

This deliberate selection of hues is deeply interwoven with Vietnam’s cultural and historical narrative, offering insights into the essence and character of this Southeast Asian country.

Vietnam Flag Map

Map of Vietnam colored with the red and yellow of the Vietnamese flag.
Socialist Republic of Vietnam Flag-Map

Vietnam Flag Emoji: ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ

Meaning of Each Color

Vietnamese flags hanging above a street in Hanoi.
Flags of Vietnam displayed in the Old Quarter of Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam.


The red background of the flag represents the bloodshed, struggle, and sacrifice made during the country’s fight for independence.

This color is emblematic of the revolutionary spirit that has been a pivotal part of Vietnam’s history, signifying the courage and resilience of its people in the face of adversity and their determination to achieve national unity and freedomโ€‹โ€‹.

Yellow (Golden Star)

The large golden star at the center of the flag holds profound meaning, symbolizing the harmony of the Vietnamese people across different strata of society.

Each point of the star represents a key group within society: intellectuals, farmers, workers, entrepreneurs, and soldiers. This inclusion reflects the collective effort and harmonious cooperation among all sectors of society towards building a prosperous and socialist Vietnam.

The yellow, traditionally associated with the skin color of the Vietnamese people during periods of oppression, here signifies the nation’s strength, culture, and optimistic futureโ€‹โ€‹.

Vietnamese Coat of Arms

Emblem of Vietnam featuring a gold star centered on a red background, encircled by rice sheaves, cogwheel, and text.
Vietnam’s National Emblem, a reflection of its enduring spirit and socialist values.

The national emblem of Vietnam incorporates elements that reflect the country’s socialist ideals and agricultural heritage:

  • The emblem features a circular red background, mirroring the flag’s color scheme, symbolizing revolution and the blood of martyrs.
  • At the center, the yellow star reappears, consistent with the flag, reinforcing the theme of unity among the diverse elements of Vietnamese society.
  • Encircling the star, a cogwheel represents industrial labor, while rice ears at the base signify agricultural work, highlighting the importance of cooperation between these sectors for national development.
  • The inscription “Cแป™ng hรฒa Xรฃ hแป™i chแปง nghฤฉa Viแป‡t Nam” (Socialist Republic of Vietnam) underscores the country’s commitment to socialist principles and the collective welfare of its peopleโ€‹โ€‹.

These symbols and colors encapsulate Vietnam’s spirit, aspirations, and cultural heritage, weaving together historical struggles and the nation’s vision for the future.

Historical Evolution and the Meaning Behind Changes

The flag of Vietnam has undergone significant transformations over the centuries, mirroring the nation’s tumultuous history, evolving political landscape, and the changing aspirations of its people.

Flag with three vertical stripes in blue, white, and red on the left side and a solid yellow field on the right side.
Flag of Annam and Tonkin (1885 – 1945)

Before the 20th century, Vietnam’s flags were often influenced by the ruling dynasties and colonial powers, featuring dragons and other traditional symbols indicative of the monarchy’s power and the cultural influences at the time.

The flag that closely resembles today’s design first emerged in the 1940s, during a period of intense nationalist movements against colonial rule. Introducing a flag featuring a red background with a yellow star was a clear departure from previous symbols.

A yellow flag with three horizontal red stripes.
Republic of Vietnam flag (1955โ€“1975)

After World War II, with the declaration of independence from French colonial rule, the flag adopted by Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh became a symbol of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam).

Throughout the Vietnam War, the flag remained a powerful symbol of North Vietnam’s resistance against South Vietnam and its allies. The flag’s symbolism was further entrenched as it became associated with the cause of national reunification.

A flag with a horizontal red stripe above a blue stripe, with a large yellow star centered on the red stripe.
Flag of Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam

After the end of the Vietnam War and the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976, the flag of the former North Vietnam was adopted as the national flag of the unified Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Vietnam’s flag colors evolved from historical and dynastic symbols to today’s stark red and yellow, signifying a pivotal moment in Vietnam’s history.

Overall Symbolic Meaning of the Flag

Vietnam's location on the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia
Vietnam’s location on the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia, marked by a pin of its national flag.

The flag of Vietnam stands as a profound emblem of national identity, weaving together the narratives of resilience, unity, and the pursuit of independence.

It symbolizes the collectiveness and harmony of its people, transcending individual elements to represent the Vietnamese historical path and enduring values by embodying the essence of Vietnam’s rich cultural heritage and its unwavering commitment to a shared future.

Similar Flags to the Flag of Vietnam

Flags that share similarities with Vietnam’s flag often do so due to ideological connections or historical influences, particularly from communist or socialist movements. Some examples include:


Flag of China with one large star and four smaller stars in a semicircle on a red background.
Flag of China, ideological sharing the revolutionary heritage with Vietnam.

The flag of China, with its red field and prominent golden stars, shares a visual and ideological kinship with Vietnam’s flag. The primary star represents the Communist Party’s leadership, surrounded by four smaller stars symbolizing the unity of the Chinese people under this leadership.

This symbolism of unity and leadership under a communist ideology mirrors the representation in Vietnam’s flag, where the single large star stands for the collective spirit of various social classes.

North Korea

Flag of North Korea with a central red panel bordered by white and blue stripes and a white circle with a red star in the middle.
Flag of North Korea, featuring a narrative of resilience and ideological affinity with Vietnam.

The flag of North Korea, with its red field and central red star encased in a white circle, echoes the themes found in Vietnam’s flag. The red star is a universal symbol of communist and socialist ideologies, signifying revolutionary ideals and the fight for independence.

The use of red in the North Korean flag, much like in Vietnam’s, symbolizes the bloodshed and sacrifices in the pursuit of freedom. The white circle around the star in North Korea’s flag could be seen as denoting purity and unity, principles that are also reflected in the unity symbolized by the star in Vietnam’s flag.

Final Thoughts

The flag of Vietnam holds deep-seated meanings that resonate with its history, distinguishing it in the global tapestry of national symbols. For the Vietnamese, it is more than a flagโ€”it’s a beacon of national pride and unity, reflecting their journey and hopes for the future.

Image Sources and Copyright Information
  • Vietnamese Flags Hanging in Hanoi Street: ยฉ Xita/Shutterstock
  • Vietnam Flag Pin on Map: ยฉ hyotographics/Shutterstock