Colors and the Meaning of the Uzbekistan Flag
The flag of Uzbekistan consists of three horizontal stripes, respectively turquoise white and green. There are thin red strips between the strips. On the top left side of the flag are a crescent and twelve stars.
Many theories have been proposed for the symbolic meaning of the flag of Uzbekistan. According to one of them, the 12 stars represent the Uzbek provinces, the blue ground Turkishness, the white ground justice, and the green ground the hospitality. Two thin red lines describe “being strong”. The half-moon shape describes the renewal. According to another view, 12 stars describe 12 calendar months or signs. The half-moon shape symbolizes Islam. White background and colors symbolize cotton, that is to say the main symbol of the country.
According to another view, blue color represents water, white color represents peace, and green represents nature. The red strips represent the life force that combines these features.
History of the Uzbekistan Flag
The first known flag in the region was the flag of the Timur dynasty from 1370 to 1526. This flag had black ground and three red circles. The red circles were close to the top of the flag, two on the top and one on the bottom. Around 1515, the Khiva Khanate checked a region that is now part of Uzbekistan. The flag, which was accepted during this period, consisted of a turquoise crescent in the upper left corner of the flag on a white background.
The Emirate of Bukhara was founded in 1785 near the Khiva Khanate. The flag adopted during this period was not a rectangular flag. The flag had a green background and a yellow frame around it. There was a yellow crescent moon, stars, hand and lettering on the green floor of the flag.
In 1917, the Khiva Khanate flag was changed. The newly accepted flag was composed of three horizontal bands, thin green-thick black-thin green. There was a yellow crescent and a yellow star in the middle of the thick black strip. A short-term revolution in 1917 created Kokand autonomy. The flag, which was accepted by this autonomy, consisted of two red-blue stripes. In the middle of the flag was a white crescent and a white star. This autonomy only survived for a year.
Russian Empire Period
In 1876 all regions of Uzbekistan were under the auspices of the Russian Empire. In this period, the Russian Empire used the flag, consisting of three black-yellow-white horizontal stripes. In 1883, the Russian Empire changed its flag and became a white-blue-red three-lane flag. By 1918, Soviet Russia became the Soviet autonomous republic. In this period, the flag of Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was used as a flag. This flag, like other Soviet flags, consisted of writings on a red background.
In 1920, the Emirate of Bukhara became a the People’s Republic. Green-red horizontal two-colored flag with hammer and sickle, crescent and star in the middle accepted. The Khiva Khanate did the same with the adoption of the flag with a green rectangular flat red area in the upper left corner as the Khomeini became the Soviet Republic. In 1921, the flag of Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Republic was slightly changed by a white strip around the text in the upper left corner. The Soviet Republics in this region became the Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1925. In 1934, the flag was created by writing the Russian Soviet Federation’s Socialist Republic on a plain, dark red area in Russian.
When the Soviet Union fell in 1991, Uzbekistan became an independent country and the Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic became Karakalpakstan, an autonomous republic of Uzbekistan. The flag used in Karakalpakstan is similar to the flag of Uzbekistan.
Neighboring Countries of Uzbekistan
Located in Central Asia. It borders with Kazakhstan in the North and West, with Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the east, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan to the south. In the north and northwest, there is the coast of the Aral Sea.
Main Characteristics of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan, which attracts attention with its architecture and historical places, has hosted many civilizations. It is one of the seven independent Turkish states. Tashkent, the cultural and economic center of the country, is also the capital city. The official language is Uzbekcu. Russian is also one of the languages spoken in daily life. The currency is Uzbekistan somu.
Arid, continental climate prevails. Summers are long, winters are short. In summer, the temperature may exceed 40 degrees. In the winter time frost is seen. The importance of fruits in country cuisine is great. Foods made from milk and milk derivatives are consumed a lot. Each meal starts with tea and ends with tea.
|Currency||uzbekistani som (UZS)|
|Highest Point||4,643 m|
|Total Area||447,400 km2|