🇸🇸 South Sudan Flag Unveiled: Colors, Meaning, Coat of Arms, Flag Map, and Similar Flags

The flag of South Sudan stands as a powerful emblem of its sovereignty and the embodiment of its people’s and their shared history. This flag symbolizes a new chapter for the world’s youngest nation and carries with it the hopes, dreams, and resilience of people who have navigated the path to nationhood through decades of conflict and struggle for self-determination.

Flag of South Sudan

Flag of South Sudan with a blue triangle and gold star on the left and horizontal stripes of black, red, and green.
Flag of South Sudan, adopted in 2011.

The South Sudan flag is distinguished by its vibrant design, incorporating a blue triangle at the hoist side, topped with a gold star, and flanked by horizontal stripes. The layout is carefully structured, with the stripes and the triangle creating a dynamic contrast that symbolizes the prosperous historical path.

The central gold star within the blue triangle stands as a beacon of unity among the diverse states of South Sudan, highlighting the nation’s collective spirit.

Flag of South Sudan: Color Palette

Sky Blue


RGB: 69, 180, 219

CMYK: 68, 18, 0, 14



RGB: 252, 222, 2

CMYK: 0, 12, 99, 1



RGB: 0, 0, 0

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 100



RGB: 255, 255, 255

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0



RGB: 219, 10, 19

CMYK: 0, 95, 91, 14



RGB: 1, 138, 44

CMYK: 99, 0, 68, 46

Map of South Sudan shaped with the design of its national flag.
Flag-map of South Sudan, adorned in the colors of the national flag.

South Sudan Flag Emoji: 🇸🇸

The South Sudan flag boasts a rich palette of six distinctive colors, each chosen for its deep symbolic resonance. This diverse selection not only adds to the visual appeal of the flag but also serves as a narrative canvas, painting a picture of the nation’s values, history, and aspirations.

The forthcoming section will delve into the individual significance of each hue, unraveling the layers of meaning embedded within this national emblem.

Meaning of Each Color

Flag of South Sudan waving against a cloudy sky.
South Sudanese flag


The color black in the South Sudan flag is a tribute to the black African ancestry of the South Sudanese people.

It reflects the traditional name of their land derived from the Arabic term “bilād al-sūdān,” which means “land of the blacks.” This color underscores the identity and roots of the nation’s inhabitants​​.


Red symbolizes the sacrifices and the blood shed by the heroes and martyrs throughout South Sudan’s history, particularly during the long struggle for independence. This color embodies the resilience and the cost of freedom, marking the nation’s journey towards sovereignty​​.


The green stripe represents the lush landscapes of South Sudan, its agricultural potential, and its natural wealth. It stands for prosperity, progress, and the longing for a fruitful future, highlighting the country’s rich resources and the potential for growth​​.


White signifies peace and goodwill, embodying the nation’s desire for harmony and unity among its diverse peoples. It is a hopeful reminder of the peace that the country strives to achieve and maintain​​.


The blue triangle points to the Nile River, a pivotal source of life and sustenance for South Sudan. It symbolizes the vital natural resource that the Nile represents, essential for the country’s agriculture, economy, and the well-being of its people​​.


The yellow star represents unity among the states of South Sudan and the determination of its people to build a united, peaceful nation. It is a guiding light for the country’s path forward, symbolizing optimism and collective spirit​​.

South Sudan Coar of Arms

Coat of arms of South Sudan featuring an eagle with spread wings behind a shield with a spear and a spade, and a scroll with the words "Justice, Liberty, Prosperity, Republic of South Sudan".
South Sudan’s Coat of Arms: Symbol of sovereignty and strength amid adversity.

The Coat of Arms of South Sudan is steeped in symbols reflecting the country’s heritage and values. While specific details akin to the Liechtenstein example are not available, the emblem prominently features:

  • African Fish Eagle: Positioned at the top, symbolizing vision, strength, and the sovereign spirit of the nation. The eagle’s presence underscores the country’s resilience and lofty future aspirations.
  • Shield and Crossed Spears: The central elements depicting readiness to protect peace and independence. The shield is adorned with the colors of the national flag.
  • The Emblem Foundation: Though not detailed in available sources, it typically represents the land and the people’s connection to it, echoing South Sudan’s rich natural resources and cultural heritage.

For a more comprehensive understanding, further research into South Sudan’s official government publications or detailed historical texts would be beneficial, as online sources provide limited information on the intricate components and meanings of the Coat of Arms.

Historical Evolution and the Meaning Behind Changes

The flag of South Sudan has a relatively recent history, reflecting the country’s journey to independence.

Before the current flag was adopted, the region of South Sudan, as part of Sudan, was under various flags that represented the colonial and post-colonial periods.

During British-Egyptian rule over Sudan (the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan period), the flags were those of the colonial powers. South Sudan did not have a distinct flag representing its people or territory as part of this larger entity.

This period saw South Sudan under the national flag of Sudan, which changed in this period. However, these flags did not specifically represent the South Sudanese identity.

Logo of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement featuring a circle with the words "Sudan People's Liberation Movement" on the top and "Unity, Equality, Progress" inside the circle.
SPLM Flag: Emblem of liberation and unity in South Sudan’s struggle for independence.

The seeds for the current South Sudan flag were sown during this period. The flag was initially used by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and its military wing, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), to symbolize resistance and aspiration for independence.

The peace agreement that ended the Second Sudanese Civil War laid the groundwork for South Sudan’s eventual independence. The SPLM/SPLA flag, representing the southern rebels, started to gain recognition as the symbol of the soon-to-be independent South Sudan.

The flag of South Sudan was officially adopted on July 9, 2011, the same day South Sudan declared its independence from Sudan. The design was carried over from the SPLM/SPLA flag, signifying continuity from the liberation struggle to nationhood.

Overall Symbolic Meaning of the Flag

The flag of South Sudan embodies a profound narrative of resilience, unity, and hope. It symbolizes the nation’s journey from struggle to sovereignty, with each element representing a vital aspect of the South Sudanese character. Collectively, its symbols convey a unified message of strength, solidarity, and optimism for a brighter future.

Similar Flags to the Flag of South Sudan

Flags of other countries that bear resemblances to the flag of South Sudan include:


Flag of Kenya with horizontal stripes in black, red, white, and green, with a Maasai shield and two crossed spears in the center.
Flag of Kenya, Resonance of unity and hope mirroring South Sudan’s aspirations.

Kenya’s flag features horizontal bands of black, red, and green, separated by narrow white stripes. The black band in both flags symbolizes the people’s African heritage, while the red represents the struggles and passion of the populace.

Both flags also incorporate central symbols—the yellow star in South Sudan’s flag and the Maasai shield in Kenya’s flag—to further their national narratives.


Flag of Malawi with a rising sun over horizontal stripes of black, red, and green.
Flag of Malawi, sharing the symbolism of African identity and prosperity with South Sudan.

Malawi’s flag incorporates horizontal bands of black, red, and green, similar to South Sudan’s flag. The rising sun motif in Malawi’s flag shares symbolism with the golden star in South Sudan’s flag, signifying hope and new beginnings.

Additionally, the black stripe in both flags points to the African heritage of their respective populations.


Flag of Sudan with horizontal red, white, and black stripes and a green triangle at the hoist.
Flag of Sudan, echoing shared history and struggle with South Sudan.

Sudan’s flag shares historical connections with South Sudan, as both countries were formerly part of the same nation.

While Sudan’s flag consists of red, white, black, and green horizontal stripes, it shares thematic elements with South Sudan’s flag, such as the use of red to symbolize bloodshed and struggle and green to represent fertile land and prosperity.

Final Thoughts

The flag of South Sudan stands as a testament to the nation’s enduring spirit, with its colors representing resilience, sacrifice, and unity. As a vibrant symbol on the global stage, it serves as a beacon of hope and identity for the people of South Sudan, embodying their collective journey towards peace and prosperity.

Image Sources and Copyright Information
  • South Sudan Flag Against Sky: © European External Action Service/Flickr
  • Flag of Sudan: © Mini Onion/Shutterstock