Colors and the Meaning of the Peru Flag
The Peruvian flag consists of a vertical strip form in red-white-red. According to legend, the colors were the result of the inspiration that the savior José de San Martín observed in flamingoes at the Peruvian coast in 1820. The flag is officially adopted on 25 May 1825.
The state coat of arms and the flag of war in the central white area show the three riches of the country. These are: Flora, Fauna and Minerals. The coat of arms of the state flag is surrounded by palm and laurel branches on both sides. A closed wreath is depicted on the coat of arms.
History of the Peru Flag
The flag story of Peru begins in 1820. In 1820, the new independent Peruvian government offered a flag with a smooth dark blue background with a sun-facing the center. However, this design was not accepted. Selected design was the flag with two red triangular on white background. In the center of the flag, there was a sun rising up in the middle of the mountains and a rope indicating the sea under the mountains. The rope was surrounded by a wreath. This flag was designed by General José de San Martin.
On March 15, 1822, José Bernardo de Tagle Portocarrero rearranged the flag. The newly organized flag consisted of three horizontal stripes, which were in the form of a single white strip in the middle of the two red stripes. There was a depiction of the sun in the center. In the reconstruction, when the sun was red, the rays of the sun were gold colored. However, in all of South America, the sun was usually represented by the human face. The original or reproduction flag of the sun is shown in a museum in Lima.
However, there are also old flags and emblems in which the sun is simply depicted. In 1823 (estimated 1822), the flag design changes to a vertical position from the horizontal position. The probable cause is that the horizontal stripes show a great resemblance to the Spanish flag. The official arrangement of this amendment was made on 25 February 1825, when the Peruvian Parliament convened under the chairmanship of Simón Bolívar. As a national flag, Bolivar’s approval of a total of five new proposals does not appear. Ultimately, the flag up to that point is maintained. But the sun in the center is replaced by the country coat of arms.
Neighboring Countries of Peru
Peru, a country to the west of South America, is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia in the north, Brazil in the east, Bolivia in the southeast and Chile in the south. It is limited to the Great Ocean in the West.
Main Characteristics of Peru
Many ethnic groups live in Peru. The majority of the population is made up of Native American people. The ancient city of Machu Picchu, which is on the list of the new seven wonders of the world, is located in Peru. Lima is the largest city and capital of the country. It is also known as the city of Kings due to its historical past. There are two official languages, Quechua and Spanish. The currency used is Peruvian Nuevo Sol.
Climate varies by region. There is a rainy tropical climate along the ocean, a temperate and dry climate in the inner parts, and a rainy amazon climate in the Amazon forests. They have a rich cuisine. Seafood has an important place. The most popular dishes is the raw fish dish called Ceviche.
|Currency||peruvian nuevo sol (PEN)|
|Highest Point||Huascarán (6,768 m)|
|Total Area||1,285,220 km2|