🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea Flag Unveiled: Colors, Meaning, Coat of Arms, Flag Map, and Similar Flags

The Papua New Guinea flag vividly portrays the nation’s dynamic culture and intimate bond with nature. It encapsulates the essence of the country’s diverse landscapes and tradition and reflects the resilience and distinctive spirit of Papua New Guinea, resonating deeply with its people and highlighting their commitment to progress and cultural richness.

Flag of Papua New Guinea

Flag of Papua New Guinea, adopted in 1971
Flag of Papua New Guinea, adopted in 1971.

The flag of Papua New Guinea presents a unique and symbolic design, featuring a diagonal division that creates two distinct triangles. The upper section showcases the Raggiana bird-of-paradise in a poised and dynamic pose, representing freedom and the nation’s rich natural environment.

The lower section is adorned with the Southern Cross constellation, a symbol deeply significant in Pacific culture, highlighting Papua New Guinea’s connection to the South Pacific region and elegantly merges elements of the nation’s diverse natural wonders with its celestial ties.

Flag of Papua New Guinea: Color Palette



RGB: 0, 0, 0

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 100



RGB: 200, 16, 46

CMYK: 0, 92, 77, 22



RGB: 255, 255, 255

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0



RGB: 255, 205, 0

CMYK: 0, 20, 100, 0

The map of Papua New Guinea adorned in the colors and symbolism of the national flag
The map of Papua New Guinea adorned in the colors and symbolism of the national flag.

Papua New Guinea Emoji: 🇵🇬

The color palette of the Papua New Guinea flag was chosen to represent key aspects of the nation’s identity and environment. Each color plays a significant role in conveying the rich culture and nature of Papua New Guinea, creating a visual language that speaks to the nation’s heart.

Meaning of Each Color

The flag of Papua New Guinea© Drew Douglas/Flickr | CC BY-NC 2.0 Generic
The flag of Papua New Guinea


The color red in the Papua New Guinea flag deeply connects to the nation’s unique culture. It has been a traditional color used in many local tribes’ artwork for centuries. This hue symbolizes the country’s vitality and prosperous past, reflecting a continuum from the past into the future.


Black is prominently featured in the flag and represents the Melanesian majority of Papua New Guinea’s population. It pays homage to their unique cultural fabric and acknowledges this community’s significant role in shaping the nation.


White, depicted through the stars of the Southern Cross constellation, carries connotations of purity and friendship. These stars are important for traditional navigation and hold agricultural significance, marking vital planting and harvesting seasons.

Therefore, white symbolizes a blend of practical knowledge, purity of intent, and the aspiration for harmony and peaceful coexistence.


The yellow Raggiana bird-of-paradise symbolizes the emergence of Papua New Guinea into nationhood. It represents the country’s abundant natural beauty and biodiversity.

In this context, Yellow is a celebration of the nation’s vibrant environment and a nod to its unique place in the world’s ecological mosaic.

Papua New Guinea Coat of Arms

The national emblem of Papua New Guinea
The national emblem of Papua New Guinea

The Coat of Arms of Papua New Guinea, adopted on July 1, 1971, carries significant national symbols:

  • Raggiana Bird-of-Paradise: Positioned above a traditional spear and Kundu drum, the bird-of-paradise represents the country’s diverse wildlife and cultural traditions.
  • Spear and Kundu Drum highlight Papua New Guinea’s rich traditional culture and arts.
  • Supporters: Figures of a man and a woman dressed in traditional attire are depicted, symbolizing the indigenous heritage and the importance of gender balance in society.
  • Motto: “Unity in Diversity” underlines the commitment to harmony among the diverse ethnic groups in Papua New Guinea.

The Coat of Arms is a powerful symbol that combines elements of the nation’s culture, values, respect for nature, and tradition. It showcases the country’s history and its aspirations for the future.

Historical Evolution and the Meaning Behind Changes

The flag of Papua New Guinea has undergone a significant evolution, reflecting the country’s path from colonial rule to independent nationhood.

During the German and later Australian colonial periods, flags representing these powers were used, incorporating symbols and colors typical of foreign influence.

The transition to a flag truly representative of Papua New Guinea began with an Australian proposal featuring a design that attempted to symbolize various aspects of the nation. However, this design did not resonate with the local populace.

Proposed flag for Papua New Guinea (1970-1971)
Proposed flag for Papua New Guinea (1970-1971)

A nationwide competition in 1971 led to the adoption of the current flag in a pivotal move towards self-representation. Designed by Susan Karike, a 15-year-old local girl, the new flag marked a departure from colonial symbols to ones that resonated with the nation and its heritage.

This change in the flag’s design symbolized a significant shift towards embracing the country’s unique culture and natural environment. The current flag, devoid of colonial emblems, symbolizes Papua New Guinea’s independent spirit, cultural richness, and place within the Pacific community.

Overall Symbolic Meaning of the Flag

Papua New Guinea's location in the South-Western Pacific© hyotographics/Shutterstock
Papua New Guinea’s location in the South-Western Pacific marked on the map by a pin of its national flag.

The flag of Papua New Guinea stands as a powerful emblem that embodies its journey from a past rich in tradition to a future filled with promise and potential. It merges elements that honor the nation’s diversity, the resilience of its people, and their connection to the land and its natural wonders.

Similar Flags to the Flag of Papua New Guinea

The flag of Papua New Guinea shares similarities with the flags of several other countries, each for different reasons:

Solomon Islands

Flag of Solomon Islands
Flag of Solomon Islands, reflecting shared cultural and geographical characteristics with Papua New Guinea.

The similarity of the Solomon Islands flag with Papua New Guinea’s flag comes from the shared geographical and cultural context of being Pacific Island nations.

Both flags embody elements significant to the region, such as the representation of natural features and the use of vibrant colors, which are common in the artistic expressions of Pacific Island cultures.

East Timor (Timor-Leste)

Flag of East Timor, similar to Papua New Guinea’s flag
Flag of East Timor, similar to Papua New Guinea’s flag in its use of bold colors and symbolism.

The similarity here lies in the thematic use of colors and symbols representing broader concepts like freedom, navigation, and national identity. Like Papua New Guinea, East Timor’s flag uses distinct color contrasts and symbolic imagery to convey its national story and values.


Flag of Angola
Flag of Angola, exhibiting the use of red and black, akin to Papua New Guinea’s flag.

The resemblance to Papua New Guinea’s flag can be attributed to similar colors. In both cases, these colors convey deep cultural and historical narratives.

The commonality in colfor choice in the flag of Angola reflects a broader trend among nations to use bold colors to represent significant aspects of their national identity.

Final Thoughts

The flag of Papua New Guinea stands as a unique symbol in the global array of flags, its design and colors reflecting deep-seated respect for tradition and nature.

For the citizens of Papua New Guinea, it is more than just a national emblem; it’s a source of pride and a reminder of their diverse heritage and the unity that binds them together.