Colors and the Meaning of the Macedonia Flag
The Republic of North Macedonia was the only country that did not use a flag of Panslavism, the colors of Panslavism, blue, red and white.
In those years, Macedonia used a red star flag with a golden frame on the red background. After the independence, the red ground of the flag was preserved; The sun was used instead of the golden stars.
The mythological sun figure used in the flag was taken from the tombstone of the Macedonian Filip, the father of Alexander the Great. Greece asked the Republic of Macedonia to change this figure, saying that this mythological sun figure belongs to itself. Macedonia could not resist this request, and in 1995, the sun changed and the flag became its current state.
History of the Macedonia Flag
It was adopted on 5 October 1995, and this date makes it one of the newest flags. On September 8, 1991, Macedonia gained independence from Yugoslavia. While Macedonia was part of Yugoslavia, it had a red-colored starred flag on the red ground in the upper left corner. Greece objected to Macedonia’s independence and its flag.
In Greece, a region called Macedonia had already existed, and Greece intimidated them intending to embrace them and intending to include it in the borders of Greek Macedonia.
Greece claimed that the symbol of the mythological sun, which Macedonia used on its flag from 1991 to 1995, belonged to Alexander the Great’s father, and he objected, claiming that this symbol was not a Slav, but a Greek symbol. For this reason, the mythological sun was replaced by the present sun.
Neighboring Countries of North Macedonia
Macedonia is a country in the Balkans, surrounded Serbia and Kosovo in the north, Albania in the west, Greece in the south and Bulgaria in the east.
Main Characteristics of North Macedonia
The Republic of Macedonia, officially, is a Balkan country in Southeast Europe. The country became independent from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1991.
The country, which became a member of the United Nations in 1993, experienced a name crisis with Greece. Due to this crisis, Macedonia is known by the European Union, the Council of Europe and NATO as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
The country with a surface area of 25,713 square kilometers has a population of 2 million.
Macedonian is the official language of the country. Especially the similarity with Bulgarian draws attention. Minority languages are spoken in the country up to 20% apart from Macedonian. Albanian, Turkish, Romanian, Serbian and Bosnian are the main ones.
The majority of people living in the Republic of Macedonia are Orthodox Christians. 64.7 percent of the people constitute Orthodox. Other Christian groups constitute 0.37 percent. 33.3 percent is Muslim.
|Currency||macedonian denar (MKD)|
|Highest Point||Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) (2,764 m)|
|Total Area||25,713 km2|
North Macedonia / Maps, Geography, Facts
North Macedonia is one of the most important countries in the Balkans. It is located on the Balkan Peninsula. There are Serbia and Kosovo in the north, Albania in the west, Greece in the south, and Bulgaria in the east. The official language is Macedonian. Currency is dinar. Also, the capital is Skopje.
- Population: 2,085,993
- Population Density: 83 per Km2
- Land Area: 25,220 Km ²
The majority of the surface formations are the plateaus in the mountainous structure. Upgrades are in excess of 2,500 meters. It is separated from Greece by Kozuf and Nidze mountains. Siroka and Shar in the north, Korab Mountains in the west. Ohrid and Prespa are important lakes, and the Vardar is the largest river.
It is governed by parliamentary democracy. The Assembly consists of 120 chairs and members are elected every four years.
The continental climate prevails. Summer months are hot and arid, winters are cold.
Most of the people are Christian. There is also a small Jewish community and a large number of Muslims.
Industry and Tourism
Agriculture and livestock are the basis of the economy. Wheat, barley, corn, cotton, sunflower, tobacco, flowers are important industrial products. Iron, lead, zinc, nickel deposits are operated.
Tourism is an important part of the economy of the Republic of North Macedonia. Thanks to the country’s natural and cultural attractions, it attracts around 700,000 tourists per year.
North Macedonia has a rich cultural heritage of art, architecture, poetry, and music.
The popular sports in North Macedonia include; sports such as soccer, basketball, volleyball, tennis, and chess come first.