Colors and the Meaning of the Morocco Flag
The Moroccan flag was adopted on November 17, 1915. Fas, on March 2, 1956 gained independence from France. To distinguish the Moroccan flag from similar red flags, The Seal of Solomon was used by the ruler of the Moroccan dynasty since the 17th century.
The Moroccan Flag consists of a 5-point star, known as the Seal of Solomon, which is green on the center of the red base. Red and green colors are the traditional colors of Islam, the official religion of Morocco. The Seal of Solomon represents the connection between Allah and the nation.
History of the Morocco Flag
Since 1666, the Alawites, who have ruled the administration of Morocco, have used the flags of the dark red. The flags of the castles in Rabat and Sale were raised every morning. In 1912, within the framework of the Moroccan treaty, the Middle-Moroccan region became a protectorate of France.
According to this agreement, Morocco was divided into three. The northern region and the desert in the south were left under the auspices of Spain, while the remaining part was given to France. The city of Tangier was taken under international protection. France, England, Germany, and Spain were subject to joint management between the states.
In 1915, a five-pointed green star was added to the center of the flag to distinguish the Moroccan Flag from the flags of other Arab States. The red-colored jihad and the five-pointed green star inspired by the Suleiman ring represent the Islam while symbolizing martyrs who sacrificed themselves for the homeland.
Between 1920-1927, Prince Muhammad Ibn ‘Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi initiated a resistance against the foreign occupation and conquered northern Morocco and founded Rif Republic. The flag Khattabi used in the revolution was red and there was a white square in the middle. Inside the square there was a green colored crescent and a six-pointed star. Spain used a red flag for eight years in its region. The left corner of this flag has a green rectangle with a five-pointed white star.
Independence of Morocco
Mohammed V of Morocco took the throne on 18 November 1927 when he was just 18 years old. During the reign of King Mohammad, wars against foreign occupation were won and regions under protection gained their independence. In the same year, before the Rif resistance, the flag with a five-pointed star in the middle, which was green in the middle, was returned and this flag was used in all Moroccan regions.
On 11 January 1944 he was sent a note to France and Spain for the expiration of the mandate of the Moroccan administration and the re-recognition of the national sovereignty of the Moroccan territorial integrity. On August 20, 1953, there was a popular uprising against the king in Morocco. King Mohammed and all his family were exiled in Madagascar. On March 2, 1956, the Moroccan resistance won independence against France. On April 7, 1956, he declared his independence against Spain. After the independence of the Moroccan State in 1956, the same flag was used in the period of King Mohammed V and his son, King Hassan II, who took the throne in 1961 after his death.
The national anthem of Morocco has not changed since the independence in 1956. It is a musical work without national anthem lyrics. Many changes took place on the agenda, but they did not. After the success of the Moroccan national football team in the World Cup in Mexico in 1970, the anthem was played in an international arena. Thus, King Hassan II commissioned author Ali Squalli Houssaini to write the national anthem.
Neighboring Countries of Morocco
Morocco, a country located in North Africa, is neighbors with Algeria from the east, Spain from the north (a border from a sea along the Bosphorus and two small autonomous cities called Ceuta and Melilla) and from the south to Mauritania and Western Sahara.
Main Characteristics of Morocco
The Kingdom of Morocco, which has an area of 446,550 square kilometers, is the only country that is not a member of the African Union although it is from the African continent.
It is governed by a parliamentary monarchy regime, which is divided into two by a King with a large capacity and a House of Representatives and Counselors. The King is both a lawyer and a leader.
The fact that Morocco was once under French colony led the people of the country to speak French at the level of their native language. With its fertile lands, Mediterranean and ocean coasts, Morocco is seen as the most unique country in Africa. In addition to the official and institutional atmosphere of the capital Rabat, the most tourist and known cities of the country are Marrakech and Casablanca.
|Currency||moroccan dirham (MAD)|
|Highest Point||Jbel Toubkal (4,165 m)|
|Total Area||446,550 km2|