Colors and the Meaning of the Albania Flag
Flag of Albania is the official flag of Albania. The flag is made of a double-headed eagle on a red background.
Although the flag of Albania is a flag that goes back many years, the ground has always remained red, and the double-headed eagle symbol in the center has always been one of the symbols adopted by Albania.
The meaning of the flag dates back to Alexander the Great, who lived between 1405-1468. Alexander ruled the country for 25 years, and the eagle symbolizing it is located on the red satin. The eagle on the flag has 25 tails. The story of the double-headed eagle is very old. In the excavations conducted in the country, prehistoric double-headed eagle figures are found.
Albania Flag Map
History of the Albania Flag
The story of the double-headed eagle is very old. As a result of the excavations carried out in Dardania (Kosovo), double-headed eagle figures were found thousands of years ago. Albanians have adopted this symbol since the old days. Another symbol is the snake. But the most widely adopted symbol in thousands of years was the Double-Headed Eagle. It is based on Alexander the great, a famous Albanian folk hero and a great commander who lived between 1405 and 1468.
Although Albania has changed its shape many times in its history, the double-headed eagle has always remained on the red ground. With the decision of the state taken on 7 April 1992, the yellow edged red star, which was put up in communism period, was removed.
In addition, one such flag is used by Kosovo Albanians.
Neighboring Countries of Albania
Located in Southern Europe, Albania is home to the Adriatic and Ionian sea with its 611 km coastline. Border neighbors; north and northeast are Montenegro and Kosovo, Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south.
Main Characteristics of Albania
Albania is on the coast of the Adriatic and Ionian sea, and more than 70% of the country is mountainous. The highest point of the country is Korab Mountain with a height of 2,764 m. The average height of Albania is 708 meters, which, as a real definition, causes Albania to be called a mountain country.
According to 2018 estimates, Albania’s population is just over 3 million. Approximately 36% of this population lives in cities. In terms of ethnicity, unlike the countries in the region, Albanians constitute 97 percent of the population. In this respect, it has a homogeneous population structure.
In Tirana, the country’s largest city and capital city, there are 765,000 people living in the metropolis of the city.
Albania: Geography, Facts
Albania is a country in East Europe, whose official name is the Republic of Albania. Today’s land has become part of the Roman provinces of Dalmatia, Macedonia, and Moesia Superior at various points in history. The modern republic emerged after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in Europe after the Balkan Wars. The country became independent in 1912.
Albania has an area of 28,748 square kilometers. The coastal length of Albania is 611 km and extends along the Adriatic and Ionian seas. The western front of the Adriatic Sea is forming plains.
70% of the country is mountainous and has a rugged land. It is generally inaccessible from the outside. The highest mountain is Mount Korab at a height of 2764 meters and it is located in Debre District. The most important rivers are Drina and Semen. These rivers emerge from the territory of Yugoslavia and are poured from Albania to the Adriatic Sea.
Established under a renewed constitution in 1998, the legislature is governed by a parliamentary republic based on the separation of executive and judicial powers. The Constitution constitutes the highest law of the Republic of Albania. In the country, the President is the head of the state. In Albania, the first level administrative departments are counties.
Despite being a small country, Albania has different climatic zones due to the diversity of its land structure. There are three main climatic types: first; The winters in the southern part are warm and rainy, and the summers are hot and arid Mediterranean climate. Latter; it is the humid climate in the north and the interior. The third is; northeastern part of the Alpine climate, the summers are rainy and warm, and the winters are hard and dry.
58.79% of the country is composed of Muslims, 17% are Christians and 2% are atheists. In the country, the Orthodox sect is more dominant than Catholicism. The Orthodox sect is over 500, while the Catholic population is around 300,000.
Industry and Tourism
The growth of the economy depends on the aid of international monetary institutions and the construction works sent by Albanians living in foreign countries. A third of the population is still working and supporting in agriculture, providing a quarter of the gross national income. No progress has been made in tourism. The National Museum of History (Muzeu Historik Kombetar), one of the country’s greatest museums, is one of the places worth seeing.
Albanian art is an important part of Albanian culture. With its long and eventful past, art is important evidence of Albanian identity and history. Albania, a Southeast European country, has a unique culture from other European countries. Moreover, the Albanian art was preserved in its original elements and enriched with Ottoman, Venetian, and other Western elements.
After Albanian independence in 1912, Albanian art lived a patriotic renaissance. The historical art of portrayal has reached the peak of popularity. Likewise, the cultural isolation of the country, which has continued from Western Europe, has led artists to focus more on national issues. Furthermore, the sculptures of national icons were popular throughout the country.
In the country sports especially football has gained more intensity. The football is managed by the Albanian Football Federation, which was established in 1930. Federation, UEFA and FIFA member.
Population Density: 107 per Km2
Land Area: 27,400 Km ²