Colors and the Meaning of the Montenegro Flag
Montenegro flag consists of a red background. In the middle of the flag, there is the coat of arms of Montenegro. The red ground is surrounded by a wide golden border. Coat of arms is based on Byzantine and Roman origin. Arma is the symbol of unity or close relations between the Church and the state.
History of the Montenegro Flag
The Flag of Montenegro dates back to the 19th century. The historic war flags, known as Krstaš-barjak, consisted of a white cross in the center and red ground. The first flag used in the Battle of Vučji Do in 1876 was the first flag in the history of Montenegro. This flag was also used during the Montenegrin-Ottoman wars. The same flag was used in Cetinje in 1878, when the Ottoman Empire in San Stefano recognized the independence of Montenegro.
According to the 1905 constitution, the national flag of Montenegro was tricolor in red-blue-white, the colors of the folk costume. Flags as state symbols were introduced only at the time of Petar II Petrović-Njegoš. The flag used before it was a single color and a single symbol flag. The flag was introduced in 1905, the current coat of arms was used, but the colors were different. This flag remained in use until 1918. In 1918, Prince Danilo added the coat of arms. This flag only consisted of three horizontal stripes of red-blue-white.
In late 1946, the flag of the People’s Republic of Montenegro, the founder of the flag of the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia, was adopted. He added the communist Red Star to the center of the traditional tricolor flag. This flag was used until 1992. The current flag of Montenegro was adopted in 2004. For this reason, it is among the newest flags of the world.
Neighboring Countries of Montenegro
Montenegro, a country in the Balkans, borders Albania and Kosovo in the east, Serbia in the north, and Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the west. It is located in the south of the Adriatic Sea.
Main Characteristics of Montenegro
Montenegro is also known as the paradise of the Balkans with its green mountains and turquoise sea. Due to its nature, friendly people and trustworthiness, it is highly appreciated by tourists. It is also a cheaper country than other European countries. The country’s capital is Podgorica. Apart from the official language of Montenegro, languages such as Serbian, Bosnian and Albanian are also spoken. Euro is used as currency.
The climate varies. However, it is generally under the influence of the Mediterranean climate. It is hard in the high regions and in the valleys there is a mild climate. Summers are dry and hot, winters are damp and rainy.
It is similar to Ottoman cuisine. Besides meat varieties, seafood has an important place. Ham, cheese varieties, mushrooms and donuts are very consumed foods. The wines of Montenegro are very tasty.
|Highest Point||Zla Kolata (2,534 m)|
|Total Area||13,812 km2|