What is the Capital of Chad? N’Djamena is the capital and largest city of Chad. It is the place where Chari River merges with Logon River. The neighboring country is connected by a bridge to the city of Kousséri of Cameroon. It is divided into 10 administrative units called Arrondisment and has a special management status.
When did N’Djamena Become the Capital?
N’Djamena was founded by French commander Émile Gentil on May 29, 1900 as Fort Lamy and gave the name of Amédée-François Lamy, an army officer killed a few days ago in the Battle of Kousséri. The city was a great trading city, and it became the capital of the region and the country.
The city was partially destroyed during the Chadian Civil War in 1979 and again in 1980. In those years, almost all of the population fled the city and became an asylum seeker in the area opposite the Chari River in Cameroon. After the end of the conflict, asylum seekers did not return until 1981-82.
The tumultuous period of the city began with a coup attempt against the northern Prime Minister Hissène Habré in the south against President Félix Malloum. In 1979, a temporary ceasefire was reached through international mediation, and war minister Goukouni Oueddei, along with his rival Habré, as Minister of Defense, headed the national unity government. The intense competition between Goukouni and Habré led to the explosion of new conflicts in the city in 1980 and demanded the intervention of Goukouni Libyans.
After the international approval of Libya intervention with Goukouni and Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan troops abandoned the capital and Chad in 1981. This led to the opening of the Habré door in 1982, which invaded the city with little resistance and declared itself the new president.
Features of N’Djamena
N’Djamena has a population of 951,418 according to 2009 data. N’Djamena has an area of 104 square kilometers. Semi-arid climate dominates. The heaviest precipitation occurs in August. All the rains are between June and September. It dries out for eight months. The hottest season of the year is just before the rainy season. April to May is the hottest months of the year.
In N’djamena, there are 10 administrative units. Also, these units have a special management status. The region is the most important center for providing meat, salt and grains. Moreover, meat processing is one of the most advanced commercial tasks in the city. There is no railway transportation in the city and country. Transportation is largely provided by road. There are ferries operating between Logon River and Chari River.
Important Places to See in N’Djamena
It is quite nice to visit the architectural structures here and spend time in religious places during the day. Apart from this, it is absolutely necessary to go outdoors and get to know the local people. Furthermore, a nice feature here is that people from different countries come here and work as volunteers for the villagers.
At the beginning of places to visit in N’Djamena are Zakouma National Park, Lake Chad, and Chad National Museum.