What is the Capital of Belgium? The capital of Belgium, located on the Atlantic Ocean coast, is Brussels. It is located in Belgium, one of the three federal regions in Belgium. Located on the Senne River, at the intersection of two channels called Charleroi and Willebroek. Brussels, which is very close to Amsterdam, Paris and Luxembourg, has fast train connections to these cities.
It is a city that has emerged a few centuries ago as a result of the swamp being dried up, and its name means settlement within the bog. The European Union’s three main institutions – the EU Commission, the Council of Ministers of the EU and the first two of the European Parliaments – have the majority of their official bodies in Brussels. The European Parliament, on the other hand, is in turn working with Strasbourg in Brussels. Considering the hundreds of organizations that are connected to these and which are small, it is therefore referred to as EU or European capital. The NATO Central Headquarters is also in Brussels.
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When did Brussels Become the Capital?
The Belgian revolution started in Brussels, in 1830, after a performance of Auber’s opera La Muette de Portici at La Monnaie theatre. After this, the city became the capital and seat of government of the new nation. South Brabant’s name was changed into Brabant, with Brussels as its administrative center. The first King of Belgium, Leopold I, on 21 July 1831, ascended the throne, with the mission of destroying the walls and constructing new buildings.
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Following independence, it has undergone many changes and has become a financial center thanks to dozens of companies. The Industrial Revolution and the construction of the Brussels-Charleroi Canal brought prosperity to the city by developing trade and production.
Features of Brussels
The population is 2,090,000 by 2018. The surface area is 161.4 km². It is experiencing an oceanic climate and the region has a mild climate with wetlands and sea in the city. It is rainy on average 200 days a year.
The “La Basilique du Sacré-Coeur”, the world’s 4th largest Catholic Church, is also in Brussels. This huge structure has also become an interesting center for tourists. Due to the political situation, the European Parliament is also in this city. Many cartoon producers, centers of famous clothing brands, car galleries, shopping centers and a number of attractions similar to these places are also in the city. Brussels, the central hub of the European Union, maintains its position as an important capital city in both historical, political and touristic sense.
Important Places to See in Brussels
The city has been protecting and repairing many architectural styles that have been hosted throughout history. It is also known as Europe’s capital city, with Brussels hosting the European Union centers, attracting tourists with its art and cultural activities. The city offers a variety of tourist attractions. The places to visit are Grand Palace, Atomium, Manneken Pis.