Colors and the Meaning of the Togo Flag
Togo Flag has Pan-African colors and consists of five horizontal stripes, three green and two yellow. In the upper left part of the flag is the square positioned on the horizontal strips. The white five-pointed star appears in the center of the square with red ground.
While the green color in the flag symbolizes the hope and the nature of the country, yellow color mining, and the importance of working in the advancement and development of the country and the people of the country, while the red color expresses loyalty and love. The big white star on the flag represents purity and the struggle for independence. Today, the Togo flag is the only flag in the national flags to use the Golden ratio in aspect ratio.
History of the Togo Flag
In 1884, Germany became the protector of Togo. The German flag, which was black-white-red, with three horizontal bands and a coat of arms in the center, was used until 1914 when the British and the French removed Germany from the region. In 1916, the British and the French occupied Togoland and in 1922 they divided it into administrative areas. The flag used in this period was the flag with a blue background and the Union Jack on the top left side. On the right side of the flag, there was a circle-shaped coat of arms. This is a coat of arms, an elephant in the woods with a G.C. (Gold Coast) script.
The flag used in the French Togoland was the blue-white-red vertical three-lane French flag. In 1956, the French Togoland became an autonomous republic and a new flag was adopted in the region. In the newly accepted flag, there was a white star on the top right and left bottom corner on the green ground. In the upper left corner of the flag, the French flag was positioned. The stars in the flag represent the British and French Togoland.
In 1958, Togo removed the French flag from the flag when he moved towards becoming independent. In 1960, Togo gained full independence from Britain and France and a new flag was adopted. The new flag consisted of five horizontal stripes in green-yellow-green-yellow-green with a white five-pointed star in the red square in the upper left corner. This flag is the flag of Togo used today. The red color, which reflects the colors of the Pan African movement, symbolizes the blood in the struggle for independence, the green color represents agriculture, the yellow color represents the riches of the land and the white star represents the hope. Since 1960, the flag of Togo has remained unchanged and continues to fluctuate in the territory of Togo.
Neighboring Countries of Togo
Located in West Africa. Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Main Characteristics of Togo
Togo is one of the smallest countries in Africa. There are about forty ethnic groups in the country. Located on the shores of the Gulf of Guinea, Lome is the country’s largest city and capital. The official language of the country is French. CFA franc is used as currency.
It is divided into two different climatic zones. A warm and humid climate is observed in the south of the country, while the northern part has a colder air than the south. Fufu, a West African meal, is also consumed in Togo. There are many Fufu restaurants in the country. They use plenty of spices in their food. Tropical fruits are also of great importance in country cuisine.
|Currency||west african cfa franc (XOF)|
|Highest Point||Mont Agou (986 m)|
|Total Area||56,785 km2|