🇧🇳 Brunei Flag Unveiled: Colors, Meaning, Coat of Arms, Flag Map, and Similar Flags

The flag of Brunei serves as a potent emblem of the nation’s sovereignty and cultural identity. Its unique design, combining traditional symbols with a distinctive color scheme, reflects the enduring values and history of the sultanate. This flag stands as a proud representation of Brunei on the global stage.

Brunei Flag

The current flag of Brunei, in use since 1959
The current flag of Brunei, in use since 1959.

The flag of Brunei showcases a central crest set against a distinct backdrop. This crest, an emblem of the nation’s royal and governmental heritage, features a parasol and two hands, symbolizing monarchy and benevolence, respectively.

Additionally, two horizontal stripes intersect the flag, embodying the significant roles of Brunei’s chief ministers. The overall design of the flag is a distinctive representation of Brunei’s traditions and sovereign character.

Brunei Flag: Color Palette



RGB: 247, 224, 23

CMYK: 0, 9, 91, 3



RGB: 207, 17, 38

CMYK: 0, 92, 82, 19



RGB: 255, 255, 255

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0



RGB: 0, 0, 0

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 100

The map of Brunei, filled in the colors of the national flag
The map of Brunei, filled in the colors of the national flag.

Brunei Flag Emoji: 🇧🇳

The color palette of Brunei’s flag is a thoughtful curation of hues, each chosen for its deep symbolic resonance. These colors harmonize to convey the nation’s rich cultural tapestry and governing principles.

The selection of colors in Brunei’s flag is visually striking and deeply imbued with meaning, setting the stage for a deeper exploration of each hue.

Meaning of Each Color

The flag of Brunei, gracefully waving at the international airport of Brunei
The flag of Brunei, gracefully waving at the international airport of Brunei.


The dominant yellow backdrop of Brunei’s flag symbolizes the sultanate. This color is traditionally associated with royalty, reflecting Brunei’s monarchical heritage.

In historical and cultural contexts, yellow signifies wealth, prosperity, and high status, fitting for a nation ruled by a Sultan. This color’s prominence in the flag underscores the central role of the monarchy in Brunei’s national identity.

White Band

The white band in the flag represents one of the Sultan’s two chief ministers. White is often associated with purity, truth, and integrity. In the context of Brunei’s flag, it signifies the honesty and uprightness expected of the Sultan’s advisors, highlighting their role in providing wise and transparent counsel to the leader.

Black Band

In the Brunei flag, the black stripe represents the other chief minister of the Sultan. The color black often signifies strength, resilience, and authority.

The flag highlights the significant duty and power held by the chief ministers, underscoring their crucial role in maintaining the nation’s stability and administration.

Brunei Coat of Arms

Brunei National Emblem, embodying the country's sovereignty, Islamic faith, and royal heritage
Brunei National Emblem, embodying the country’s sovereignty, Islamic faith, and royal heritage.

The Coat of Arms of Brunei encapsulates the nation’s character, traditions, and values. Its design conveys the strength and courage of the sultanate while integrating symbols of royal heritage and religious faith.

With its traditional regalia, the emblem highlights the Sultan’s role as ruler and protector, symbolizing his commitment to the nation’s welfare. The wings represent aspirations for justice and peace, reflecting the desire for a harmonious and just society.

Additionally, incorporating the crescent emphasizes Islam’s pivotal role in shaping Brunei’s cultural and political landscape. Finally, the upraised hands symbolize the government’s dedication to the welfare and security of its people, embodying a commitment to service, care, and responsibility.

Historical Evolution and the Meaning Behind Changes

The historical Brunei Protectorate flag (1906-1959), showcasing the country's colonial past and evolution
The historical Brunei Protectorate flag (1906-1959), showcasing the country’s colonial past and evolution.

The historical evolution of Brunei’s flag is closely linked to the nation’s political changes and royal heritage. Initially, the flag was a simple yellow field, reflecting the royal status in line with other Malay states in Southeast Asia.

This changed in 1906 when Brunei was under British protection. Two white and black stripes were introduced, symbolizing the Sultan’s chief ministers.

In 1959, coinciding with a new constitution, the national coat of arms, a design dating back to the 15th century, was added. This coat of arms, carrying Islamic symbols and royal insignia, further enriched the flag’s symbolism.

Ultimately, when Brunei achieved independence in 1984, the flag’s design was preserved with minor artistic adjustments, highlighting its persistent importance in symbolizing the nation’s character.

Overall Symbolic Meaning of the Flag

brunei flag pin map
The Brunei flag highlighting the location of Brunei in the South China Sea.

The flag of Brunei is a profound embodiment of the nation’s governance, cultural values, and spiritual beliefs. It integrates elements that signify the monarchy’s protective role and the importance of wise counsel in leadership. The flag also highlights the central place of Islam in shaping the nation’s identity and policies.

Similar Flags to the Flag of Brunei

Despite its unique design, a few flags worldwide bear a subtle resemblance to the flag of Brunei. Let’s explore these rare similarities among global flags.

Flag of Sarawak (State in Malaysia)

Flag of Sarawak, mirroring shared regional histories and cultural ties
Flag of Sarawak, mirroring shared regional histories and cultural ties.

This flag features a similar color palette of yellow, black, and red, although arranged in different patterns. The yellow field is prominent in both flags, including black and red, although Sarawak’s flag does not have an emblem like Brunei’s.


The flag of Bhutan, sharing vibrant colors and a prominent emblem similar to Brunei
The flag of Bhutan, sharing vibrant colors and a prominent emblem similar to Brunei.

The flag of Bhutan shares some similarities with that of Brunei in its use of a distinct and prominent emblem against a vibrant background. Bhutan’s flag features a white dragon, symbolizing purity and loyalty, set against a diagonally divided yellow and orange field, representing the country’s spiritual and temporal authority.


The flag of Brunei, with its unique design and colors, holds deep meaning for its citizens, symbolizing the nation’s heritage and the Sultan’s leadership. It stands out in the global flags community, embodying Brunei’s identity and unity.