What is the Capital of Georgia? Tbilisi is the capital of Georgia and is located on both sides of the Kura River.
Tbilisi is an industrial, social and cultural center. It is also located on the transition line of an important global energy project (Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline). The city is located on the historic Silk Road. Therefore, in Russia’s North Caucasus, Turkey and the South Caucasus, Armenia, and Azerbaijan it has had an important role to play in history.
When did Tbilisi Become the Capital?
David IV of Georgia entered the city of Tbilisi in 1122 and provided absolute sovereignty. The Kingdom of Georgia carried the administrative center from Kutaisi to Tbilisi, and Tbilisi became the capital of Georgia. In the 12th and 13th centuries when the golden age of Georgia lived, Tbilisi showed great improvement and the population of the city reached 80,000. The city has become a center of culture and literature. In the Queen Tamar era, the famous poet Shota Rustaveli continued to work in Tbilisi and probably wrote his famous epic, The Man in the Panther’s Skin. In this era, it is referred to as the Georgian Renaissance or the Golden Age.
After the Golden Age..
Tbilisi’s “Golden Age” did not last a hundred years. In 1236, after the Mongol invasion, Georgia entered the Mongol domination. The Tbilisi, both politically and culturally, was under the influence of a powerful Mongolian the following century. In the 1320s the Mongols were removed from the country and Tbilisi became the capital of the Georgian state. However, the city faced a new destruction in 1366. From the 14th century until the end of the 18th century, Tbilisi came under the invasion of various forces. Timur, Shah Jahan, Uzun Hasan, Aga Mohammed have plundered the city.
After the Revolution of 1917, Tbilisi was the capital of the Transcaucasian Federation and then the independent Democratic Republic of Georgia. The city, which was the capital of the Transcaucasian Federation formed by Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan for a very short time in 1918, remained the capital of independent Georgia between 1918-1921. On February 25, 1921, Red Army invaded the city, and then the city became the capital of Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. In 1936 it became the capital of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic and this period lasted until 1991. In 1956, 1978 and 1989, extensive demonstrations were held against Tbilisi against the Moscow administration. The 1956 and 1989 demonstrations were bloody suppressed by the Moscow administration.
Features of Tbilisi
Tbilisi has a population of 1.04 million as of 2018. The surface area is 350 square kilometers. The weather in Tbilisi, which has a humid subtropical clime, is hot in summer and cold in winter. Annual average temperature is 12.7 degrees. In January, which is the coldest month, the temperature is 1 degree, the warmest month is 25 degrees in July. It is raining most in May and June.
The territory of Georgia is mountainous and divided into three regions. The North Caucasus Mountains, which stretch like a set in the north, form a series of parallel mountain strands rising eastward and separated by deep valleys. The highest points of the region are Shkhara (5,068 m), Rustaveli (4,960 m), Tetnults (4,852 m).
Georgia is rich in mining. The main underground resources are coal, manganese, oil, natural gas, and marble. Forests and bushes cover one-third of Georgia’s land. Alpine-type vegetation is dominant in high sections. In the forests, there are various trees such as oak, chestnut, beech, Caucasian fir, ash, linden, Pitsunda pine. The territory of Georgia is rich in wildlife.
Important Places to See in Tbilisi
Having the extraordinary nature of the Caucasus, Georgia is truly a country worth seeing. Each city has a different composition and natural beauty. The capital Tbilisi contains all the lines of old and new life. Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, is located on the foothills of Trialeti and in the eastern part of the country. An ancient crossroads between Asia and Europe in Tbilisi, which has a magnificent view of the Old Town of Europe. It is a worthy destination with its narrow winding streets, magnificent religious buildings, traditional wooden houses and caravanserais. At the beginning of places to visit in Tbilisi; Old Tbilisi, Gabriadze Theater and Museum of Fine Arts.