What is the Capital of Bulgaria? Sofia is Bulgaria’s capital and largest city. It is located in the center of the Balkan Peninsula, in the Sofia Basin in the western part of Bulgaria.
The history of Sofia is deeply rooted and ancient, just like Bulgaria. Sofia is Bulgaria’s largest city. It has grown a lot in both economic and touristic terms in the last decade. Sofia, which has been receiving immigration from the Balkan countries in recent years, has a history dating back thousands of years. Sofia, which has hosted many nationalities for many years, has a very rich and blended culture on this count. In Sofia there were historical remains of a clan settled in the 7th century BC, which proved that the city lived about 7 thousand years ago.
When did Sofia Become the Capital?
In the 14th century, the Bulgarian State was under Ottoman rule, and in 1382 Sofia was captured by the Ottomans and settled there. The city of Sredets remained under the sovereignty of the Ottoman State from the end of the 14th century to the last quarter of the 19th century. By the way, in the late 14th century the city takes its name of Sofia. According to some documents, in the years when the Ottomans conquered the city, it became famous with its beauty and won the great admiration of the Ottoman Empire.
In 1877-1878 Ottoman-Russian War, on January 4, 1878, it was rescued from Ottoman rule by Russian armies. On 3 April 1879 Sofia became the capital of Bulgaria. At that time, Sofia was a rich city with a well-developed defense, professional and commercial well-developed city.
During the Second World War the Germans invaded Sofia. In late 1943 and early 1944 Allied aircraft bombed the city. In 1944, Soviet Red Army troops rescued the city. As a result of the Soviet occupation, the allied Nazi German government was overthrown. A People’s Republic was established in Bulgaria in 1946.
Features of Sofia
Sofia has an area of 492 square kilometers. At an altitude of 500 to 800 meters above sea level, Sofia is home to approximately 1.23 million people.
Sofia is the 14th largest city in Europe and is among the top 5 cities in the Balkan cities. Sofia have a very strategic position as a city in the middle when we consider the Balkan lands as a country. The city is the heart of the Bulgarian economy. 76% of the Bulgarian economy is supplied from Sofia.
The average temperature in winter may vary from -5 to 15 degrees. The region is generally one of the areas where you can observe snowfall is extensively. In summer the city is quite hot and arid and the average temperature is 24 degrees.
The city makes it possible to reach the Adriatic and Aegean Sea within 1 to 2 hours by land transportation. Apart from these two seas, the Black Sea is also quite close. Many rivers and streams pass through and around the city. The most popular of these is Iskar River. Iskar River is among the most visited places by hundreds of thousands of tourists every year and has a nostalgic look. In addition, there are 49 mineral and thermal streams in the city.
The Important Places to See in Sofia
There are many places to visit in the city thanks to Sofia’s long-established and ancient history. It is possible to find traces of many different cultures in Sofia, which has particularly influence of Bulgarian culture. This place, which is one of the oldest cities in Europe, has old streets, monasteries and many historical monuments. At the beginning of places to visit in Sofia there are; Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, the National Archaeological Museum and the Sofia History Museum.