Baku is the capital of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan. Located on the coast of the country Caspian Sea, the city is the largest city in the Caucasus Region.
Considered an important center of culture and trade in the Caucasus Region, Baku is also an important center of industry. It is a very important center as the port city. Port of Baku is the most important port in the Caspian Sea.
When did Baku Become the Capital?
The history of Baku, which has been preferred as a settlement since ancient times, dates back to the pre-BC. The archaeological remains from various regions such as Mardakan, Bineqedi, and Zig Lake were found to belong to the 1st century BC.
Baku, which many states wanted to possess in the following centuries, remained under the direction of Aqquyunlu and Garagoyunlu States in the 16th century. With the fall of the Aqquyunlu State, it came under the rule of Safavid.
The coast of the Caspian Sea, which is one of the most important trade routes, was captured by the Ottoman Empire at the end of the 16th century. But this did not take very long and Baku re-joined the Iranian administration in the early years of the 17th century. In the 18th century, it came under the rule of Russia.
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During the First World War, Baku faced various confusion. After October Revolution, Russia has weakened. Following all these developments, Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was established and Baku became capital.
Baku, occupied by the Red Army in 1920, became the capital of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Azerbaijan declared its independence again.
Features of Baku
As of 2018, Baku has a population of 1.12 million. Its surface area is 2,130 square kilometers. The climate of Baku is the continental climate. Winters are cold and rainy or snowy and summers are hot and dry. However, in the southern parts, the weather is cool in summer and warm and rainy in winter. Therefore, the southern part is forested.
A large part of the Baku economy is oil. Oil in the city has economic values since the 8th century. In these periods, although not high-tech, the oil extracted from hand-made wells was one of the important livelihoods of the city. In the 19th century, Baku moved to the colony due to these sources and became one of the largest oil regions in the 20th century. The Baku oil wells, which were not shared during World War II, covered almost half of the world’s oil needs. Today, Baku continues to export oil with the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan line, which is 1,768 kilometers in length.
Azeri Turks constitute the majority of the city. 96% of the population is Muslim and 4% is Christian. The literacy rate in the country is close to 100%. Azerbaijan is one of the first countries to come to mind when it comes to corruption and bribery.
Important Places to See in Baku
There are many places to visit in Baku, which attracts thousands of tourists with its rapidly changing and developing face. The area, which is known as Inner City by the people and is one of the city’s first settlements, includes historical buildings of Baku. In the city center that grows and evolves over time, you can find various cultural and artistic places. Places to see in Baku; Palace of the Shirvanshahs, Maidens Castle and Azerbaijan Carpet Museum.