Fuel/Gas Prices in the EU

EU gasoline prices are on the rise, and almost all economic areas on the continent are affected. The price of gasoline has such a far-reaching effect on the economy in part because the transportation of goods relies heavily on fuel. The more it costs to transport goods, the more those goods will end up costing the consumer.

It’s a delicate time for European economies during the post-pandemic recovery, and current inflation and increasing petrol prices in Europe are causing some additional stress.

Gas Prices in Europe (EU, October 2022)Interactive Map:

The price of petrol is significantly higher in almost every European country than it was one year ago. Malta, whose petrol prices are the same as they were at this time last year, is the only country whose price per liter has not increased. 

Consumer prices for petroleum products in EU countries

Below is a table describing the petrol price per liter in each EU country:

CountryLiter (EUR)Gallon (USD)
Prices in force on 17th October 2022

Euro-super 95 Prices in EU Countries in October 2022. Source: European Commission

As you can see in this table, no country currently offers Euro-super 95 at a price of less than €1.24/liter (Hungary), and gas is most expensive in Sweden (€2.16).

Why Are Gasoline Prices Increasing?

gas in europe
Petrol prices in Europe are on the rise.

There are several reasons the gas price in Europe is rising. Changing politics as well as supply and demand fluctuations all have an impact on the cost of fuel.

It’s helpful to know that high gas prices are caused by high crude oil prices. This is because oil costs account for 72 percent of the price of gasoline. The remaining 28 percent comes from distribution, refining, and taxation. This is why you can expect to see a similar increase at the gas pump about six weeks after oil prices rise.

As with all other commodities, gas and oil prices are affected by supply and demand. There is a great demand for fuel in Europe, which means that any changes in the supply can mean significant changes in price.

Another element that impacts oil and natural gas prices is seasonal demand. Heating requirements during colder months make for a much higher demand for gas during winter in Europe, which usually causes prices to rise every fall. 

As of March 2022, oil prices are the highest they’ve been since 2008. This is largely due to traders predicting supply shortages caused by the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Many countries are also refusing to use Russian-supplied oil, which impacts the price of crude oil from other sources.

These elevated oil prices directly translate to higher consumer prices of petrol products. 

Fuel/Gas Prices in the EU 1
Crude oil prices up to May 23rd 2022.

What Can We Do?

Believe it or not, there are some actionable steps we can take to make higher gas prices easier to deal with. They mostly involve finding ways to reduce the consumption of petrol products. As well as easing the impact of rising prices on your wallet, these methods enjoy the additional benefit of having a positive impact on the environment.

Perhaps the most obvious way to reduce gas consumption is to simply drive less, especially when traveling alone. Using public transportation options like trains, buses, trams, and subways are ways to decrease the amount of gas you rely on. These modes of transport are much more sustainable because the cost of fuel per person is dramatically reduced when compared to personal vehicles. Carpooling is another option for decreasing the amount of fuel required to transport each person.

Of course, an even more fuel-efficient way to travel is by walking or bicycle when weather permits.

For various reasons, using public transport every day isn’t always possible. Fortunately, there are ways to improve the fuel efficiency of your vehicle that can save you money and reduce the amount of emissions it releases into the atmosphere. One of the best ways to improve fuel efficiency is free: check your vehicle’s tire pressure frequently to keep it at the recommended PSI. This keeps your car moving efficiently and requires less fuel.

Other driving-related tips are to maintain steady driving speeds, reduce time spent idling, and to take unnecessary items out of your vehicle. Moving extra weight in your vehicle means using extra fuel.

You might also consider switching to an electric vehicle if driving is a necessary part of your life. These vehicles have been proven to be about 66% cheaper to operate.

These tips do more than ease the financial impact of increased petrol prices. By reducing the amount of fuel we consume, we can directly reduce the amount of emissions released into the atmosphere, making for cleaner air in our communities. Driving less also means less traffic on the roads and less noise pollution.

Below is a map of fuel prices in Europe from 5 years back (2017):

EU gasoline price in 2017 - historical price map
Historical Map: Gas Prices in 2017

Below is a map of fuel prices in Europe from last year (2021):

Historical Map: EU Gas Prices in 2021
Historical Map: Gas Prices in 2021

Will Petrol Prices in Europe Continue to Rise?

In 2021, 45% of the oil used in the EU was imported from Russia. Since several EU countries have expressed a desire to significantly reduce Russian gas imports by the end of 2022, it’s likely that prices will continue to rise in the face of reduced supply. The uncertainty surrounding the war in Ukraine is also likely to continue to contribute to the volatility of gas prices.

Fortunately, reducing fuel consumption is something that we can all do to make the financial burden easier to deal with and to reduce the global demand of petrol products.