Flag of Eswatini

The flag of Eswatini is a compelling fusion of colors and symbols that captures the essence of this southern African nation.

Serving as a visual narrative, the flag weaves Eswatini’s geographic features, cultural roots, and vision for the future into a unified emblem. The flag of Eswatini resonates deeply with the people of Eswatini and grabs the attention of those who encounter it globally.

Eswatini Flag

Flag of Eswatini, adopted on 6 October, 1968Β© em_concepts/Shutterstock
The current standard depiction of the flag of Eswatini from 2011, originally adopted in 1968.

The flag of Eswatini is distinguished by its incorporation of a black and white Nguni shield and two spears, which are centrally placed over horizontal bands. These elements blend to create an engaging visual that captures the viewer’s attention.

The flag’s layout is balanced and well-proportioned, making it instantly recognizable. The central shield and spears are traditional symbols that tie the banner to Eswatini’s cultural and historical background.

Eswatini Flag: Color Palette



RGB: 0, 0, 0

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 100



RGB: 51, 51, 51

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 80



RGB: 62, 94, 185

CMYK: 66, 49, 0, 27



RGB: 255, 255, 255

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0



RGB: 255, 217, 0

CMYK: 0, 15, 100, 0



RGB: 177, 12, 12

CMYK: 0, 93, 93, 31

A map of Eswatini with the colors of its national flag
A map of Eswatini with the colors of its national flag.

Eswatini Flag Emoji: πŸ‡ΈπŸ‡Ώ

The flag of Eswatini boasts a vibrant and meaningful color palette. These chosen hues work in harmony to create a visually striking emblem. The combination of colors enhances the flag’s aesthetic appeal and serves as a gateway to understanding the nation’s core values and traditions.

This dynamic interplay of hues turns the flag into more than just a visual symbol; it becomes a story waiting to be told. As we explore further, each color holds its significance, contributing to the overall narrative of the flag.

Meaning of Each Color

Eswatini national flag against a backdrop of picturesque cloudsΒ© em_concepts/Shutterstock
Eswatini national flag against a backdrop of picturesque clouds.


The serene blue hue on Eswatini’s flag embodies a profound aspiration for peace and stability, reflecting the nation’s harmonious coexistence within its borders and with neighboring countries.

It mirrors the tranquil landscapes that Eswatini is renowned for, contributing to the overall peace-centric narrative of the flag.


Vibrant yellow not only signifies Eswatini’s mineral wealth, notably its deposits of coal and gold but also echoes the nation’s optimism regarding economic growth and prosperity.

The yellow is a testament to the country’s abundant resources and potential for future advancement.


The red on the flag resonates deeply with the struggles and sacrifices endured by the people of Eswatini.

This poignant hue signifies the historical battles and conflicts that the nation faced in its journey to protect its sovereignty, embodying the resilience and courage exhibited by the people in their path toward self-determination.

Black and White Nguni Shield

While not colors in the traditional sense, the black and white Nguni shield, along with spears, symbolize protection and unity.

These monochromatic elements are deeply rooted in Eswatini’s heritage as symbols of strength and defense, emphasizing the importance of unity and protection in the nation’s journey.​

Eswatini Coat of Arms

Eswatini Coat of Arms, encapsulating key elements that represent the country's cultural and political landscape
Eswatini Coat of Arms, encapsulating key elements representing the country’s cultural and political landscape.

Eswatini’s coat of arms features a lion and an elephant representing the King and Queen Mother, respectively, symbolizing strength and majesty. A traditional Nguni shield signifies protection and unity, while the Swazi royal crown emphasizes the monarchy’s importance.

The national motto, “Siyinqaba,” translates to “We are a fortress” or “We are a mystery/riddle,” embodying unity and resilience. This succinct representation encapsulates the nation’s heritage, governance, and cultural richness.

Historical Evolution and the Meaning Behind Changes

Swaziland historical flag (1894–1902 flag)
Swaziland historical flag (1894–1902 flag), a glimpse into the past.

The history of Eswatini’s flag colors reflects its path from colonial rule to independence. Initially, under British governance, the territory used the British Union Jack.

However, with the growing push for freedom in the mid-20th century, Eswatini introduced its first official flag on 6 October 1968. This flag featured horizontal blue, yellow, and red stripes, symbolizing peace, prosperity, and the nation’s struggles.

A significant update occurred in 1968 when a black and white Nguni shield, flanked by two spears, was added to the flag’s center. This emblem enriched the flag’s symbolism by focusing on cultural heritage and the themes of unity and defense.

This change marked a pivotal moment in the flag’s evolution, aligning it more closely with the nation’s unique cultural and historical landscape.

Overall, these changes in design and color effectively transitioned Eswatini from its colonial past to a nation eager to express its distinct identity.

Overall Symbolic Meaning of the Flag

The flag of Eswatini is a multi-layered tapestry that weaves together various aspects of the nation’s identity. Its design elements contribute to a cohesive narrative that reflects the country’s journey from colonial rule to self-governance.

Incorporating traditional emblems serves as a nod to cultural significance and values, emphasizing unity and defense. As a collective symbol, the flag embodies the nation’s complexity, resilience, and hope for the future.

Similar Flags to the Flag of Eswatini

While the flag of Eswatini is unique in its design and symbolism, it shares certain features with other national flags that merit discussion:


Flag of Kenya, featuring shared design elements with the Eswatini's flag
Flag of Kenya, featuring shared design elements with the Eswatini’s flag.

Kenya’s flag features horizontal bands of black, white, red, and green, along with a Maasai shield and crossed spears at the center. The shield symbolizes the defense of freedom, unity, and the country’s diverse cultural heritage.

While Kenya and Eswatini utilize a shield in their flags, their unique color combinations and additional symbols significantly distinguish them.


Flag of Mozambique, highlighting design similarities with Eswatini's flag
Flag of Mozambique, highlighting design similarities with Eswatini’s flag, emphasizing regional connections.

Mozambique’s flag features a horizontal tricolor of green, black, and yellow, a red triangle along the hoist side containing a yellow five-pointed star, and an AK-47 assault rifle with a bayonet attached.

The rifle symbolizes defense and vigilance, highlighting the nation’s struggle for independence. Although both Mozambique and Eswatini emphasize protection in their flags, their choice of symbols and colors reflects unique historical narratives.


Eswatini’s flag is a powerful symbol that encapsulates the nation’s past, present, and future aspirations. Distinctive in design and rich in symbolism, it holds a unique place in the international community of flags.

For the people of Eswatini, the flag is not just an emblem but a source of national pride and unity, cementing its significance in domestic and global contexts.