Colors and the Meaning of the Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the flag of Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A blue background consists of 9 white stars and a yellow triangle. The Triangle symbolizes the Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian peoples.
The flag consists of a yellow triangle with 9 white stars on a blue background. Blue and white colors are classic Slavic colors. The yellow triangle in the flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina symbolizes the sun and peace, while at the same time it is placed in the battle coat of Stephen Tvrtho, the King.
The blue color in the background and the stars represent Europe. This flag, which is currently being used by Bosnia and Herzegovina, was adopted on 4 February 1998. The flag was then finalized as a result of the work of Carlos Westendorp, the United Nations high representative.
History of the Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag
Until the second half of the 18th century, the flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina resembled the Turkish flag, with the exception of the direction and color change of the crescent. On the green flag, a white crescent and star were used facing north.
In 1830, Husein Gradaščević started a revolt in order to obtain autonomy against the Ottoman Empire in Bosnia and Herzegovina. With the withdrawal of the Ottoman forces from Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878, a flag similar to the flag used in the uprising, which was used only to make a small change in the future, was flown in the skies of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
It took only a few months for this flag to fluctuate. Because the Austro-Hungarian Empire shortly after the occupation of Bosnia, this flag symbolizing Islam was replaced by a new flag. In this new flag, there were two strips, red at the top and yellow at the bottom. When Bosnia and Herzegovina joined the former Yugoslavia in 1945, the flag of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was largely compared to the Yugoslav flag. In the top left corner of this flag was the Yugoslav flag. The red colored section symbolized the social state.
Independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The province of Bosnia and Herzegovina won its independence in 1992 from Yugoslavia. In the middle of a white background, a flag with a blue shield with lilies on it was prepared. However, the Serbs in the country that did not recognize this state waged war against Bosniaks and Croats. Bosnian War, which lasted until 1995, ended with the Dayton Agreement.
After this agreement, the Croatian and Serbian citizens in Bosnia objected to the fact that this flag represents only Bosnian Muslims and does not carry any historical symbol. The corners of the triangle in this last flag represent the Croatian, Serbian and Bosnian races in Bosnia and the white stars represent Europe.
In November 1992, a few months after independence, Bosnia and Herzegovina’s first national anthem was composed by Serbian composer Dusan Sestic. The lyrics were written by Bosniak musician Benjamin Isović.
On 25 June 1999, a new national anthem, which had no promises, was formally adopted by the Croatian and Serbs objection.
Neighboring Countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina is located on the European continent. The number of countries that Bosnia and Herzegovina is a neighbor is 3. It is bordered by Croatia in the north, west, and south, Serbia in the east, and Montenegro in the south. It is surrounded by the Adriatic Sea from the southeast.
Main Characteristics of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina, the coast of the Adriatic Sea, is a Balkan country. It was established from the former Yugoslavia. The country, whose capital is Sarajevo, has a green nature. Expected to be discovered in terms of historical and natural beauties. Turkish tourists are highly valued in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs live in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and therefore have three different official languages: the Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, winters are cold and summers are hot. Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is close to the Mediterranean region, does not have the effects of the Mediterranean climate because the Mediterranean climate does not reach the region due to the mountains in the country.
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Currency||convertible mark (BAM)|
|Highest point||Maglić (2,386 m)|
|Total area||51,197 km2|