Districts of Libya

Libya is divided into twenty-two districts. Districts are the highest administrative regions in Libya. Historically, Libya is made up of Tripolitania Region in the northwest, Cyrenaica Region in the east, and upper regions considered to be Fezzan Region in the southwest. But these regions are completely historically separated, although they do not have any administrative activity.

Districts of Libya Map
Districts of Libya Map

Twenty-Two Districts of Libya

Libya is divided into twenty-two districts, the highest administrative division. These districts are Dema, Almarj, Benghazi, Tobruk, Ejdabia, Al jabal al Akhdar, Alkufra, Sirt, Nalut, Almargeb, Tripoli, Alijfara, Azzawya, Misrata, Zwara, Al Jabal Al Gharbi, Aljufra, Wadi Ashshati, Sebha, Ubari, Murzu, and Ghat.

Derna

Derna is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is found in the historical district of Cyrenaica. The district is located in the northeast of the country. According to the 2006 data of the region with a surface area of 31,511 square kilometers, there are 163,351 inhabitants. The Derna district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea.

Almarj

Almarj is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the Cyrenaica historical district. The district is located in the northeast of the country. According to 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 13,515 square kilometers, it has a population of 185,848. Almarj district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea.

Benghazi

Benghazi is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is found in the historical district of Cyrenaica. The district is located in the northeast of the country. According to 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 11,372 square kilometers, it has a population of 670,797. The Benghazi district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea. Benghazi is also the second largest city in Libya and is one of the most historic cities. The word Benghazi comes from a person named Sidi Ghazi, a philanthropist who died in 1450. After his death, the name of the city was changed to Bani Ghazi.

Tobruk/Butnan

Butnan is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Cyrenaica. Butnan is located in the northeast of the country. According to the 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 84,996 square kilometers, there are 159,536 inhabitants. The Butnan district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea and forms a border with Egypt in the east of the district. It has a desert climate.

Ejdabia/Al Wahat

Ejdabia is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Cyrenaica. It is located in the northeast of the country. According to the 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 105,523 square kilometers, there are 177,047 inhabitants. The Ejdabia district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea and forms a border with Egypt in the east of the district.

Al Jabal al Akhdar

Jabal al Akhdar is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Cyrenaica. It is located in the northeast of the country. According to 2006 data of the district with 11,429 square kilometers area, there are 203,156 inhabitants. The Jabal al Akhdar district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea.

Alkufra

Alkufra is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Cyrenaica. The district is located in the southeast of the country. According to the 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 433,611 square kilometers, it has a population of 50,104. In the east of the district, it forms the border with Egypt and Sudan.

Sirt/Sirte

Sirt is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Tripolitania. The district is located in the central and northern part of the country. According to the 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 77,660 square kilometers, there is a population of 193,720. Sirt district forms a border with the Mediterranean Sea from the north.

Nalut

Nalut is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Tripolitania. The district is located in the northwestern part of the country. According to the 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 67,191 square kilometers, it has a population of 93,224. The Nalut district forms a border with Tunisia from the north and west.

Almargeb/Murqub

Almargeb is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Tripolitania. The district is located in the northwestern part of the country. With a surface area of 6,796 square kilometers, there are 432,202 inhabitants. Almargeb district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea.

Tripoli

Tripoli is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Tripolitania. The district is located in the northwestern part of the country. With a surface area of 835 square kilometers, the district has 1,065,405 inhabitants. Tripoli district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea.

Aljfara/Jafara

Aljfara is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Tripolitania. The district is located in the northwestern part of the country. According to the 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 2,666 square kilometers, there are 453,198 inhabitants. The Aljfara district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea. Its capital and largest city is Aziziya.

Azzawya/Zawiya

Azzawya is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Tripolitania. The district is located in the northwestern part of the country. According to the 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 2,753 square kilometers, it has a population of 290,993. The Azzawya district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea.

Misrata

Misrata is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Tripolitania. The district is located in the northwestern part of the country. According to the 2006 data of the region with 29,172 square kilometers, it has a population of 550,938. The Misrata district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea. Its capital and largest city is the city of Misrata with the same name.

Nuqat al Khams/Zwara

Nuqat al Khams is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Tripolitania. The district is located at the northwest end of the country. According to the 2006 data of the region with 29,172 square kilometers, it has a population of 550,938. The Nuqat al Khams district has a short border with the Mediterranean Sea. Its capital and largest city is the city of Zwara with the same name. The district is bordered by Tunisia from the west.

Al Jabal Al Gharbi

Al Jabal Al Gharbi is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is located in the historical district of Tripolitania. The district is located in the northwestern part of the country. According to the 2006 data of the district with an area of 76,717 square kilometers, it has a population of 304,159.

Aljufra

Aljufra is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is found in the historical district of Fezzan. The district is located in the central part of the country. According to the 2006 data of the region with 52,342 square kilometers, there are 117,410 inhabitants. Its capital and largest city is Hun.

Wadi Ashshati

Wadi Ashshati is one of the twenty-two regions of Libya and is found in the historical district of Fezzan. The district is located in the western and central part of the country. According to the 2006 data of the region with 52,342 square kilometers, there are 117,410 inhabitants. The district is neighboring Algeria to its west.

Sebha

Sebha is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is found in the historical district of Fezzan. The district is located in the central part of the country. According to 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 134,162 square kilometers, it has a population of 107,310. Sebha is the capital and the largest city of the Sebha district with the same name.

Wadi al Hayaa/Ubari

Wadi al Hayaa is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is found in the historical district of Fezzan. The district is located in the central and western part of the country. According to 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 134,162 square kilometers, it has a population of 107,310.

Murzuq

Murzuq is one of the twenty-two districts of Libya and is found in the historical district of Fezzan. The district is located in the southern part of the country. According to the 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 356,308 square kilometers, it has a population of 78,621. Murzuq is the capital and the largest city of the Murzuq district.

Ghat

Ghat is one of the twenty-two regions of Libya and is found in the historical district of Fezzan. The District is located in the southwestern part of the country. According to the 2006 data of the district with a surface area of 68,482 square kilometers, it has a population of 23,518. Ghat district is the capital and largest city of Ghat with the same name. District forms a border with the Algeria country from the west.

Maps, Geography, Facts

Libya; comes from the word of Lebu that the ancient Egyptians used for the Berbers living in the west of the Nile. The capital of the country is Tripoli. The official language is Arabic.

It is located on the Mediterranean coast in North Africa. It is neighbor Egypt to the east, Algeria and Tunisia to the west, Niger and Chad to the south, and Sudan to the southeast.

Libya on the World Map
Where in the World is Libya?

Geography

Its surface area reaches 1,759,540 square kilometers. It is Africa’s fourth largest country in terms of land. Almost 95% of these large lands are desert or arid land. A large part of the Great Sahara Desert, approximately 1,300 kilometers long, resembles a sandy sea between the Mediterranean Sea in the north and Ecuadorian Africa in the south, constitutes a large part of the Libyan lands.

The length of the Mediterranean coast between Libya and Tunisia and Egypt is approximately 1,912 km. Libyan lands, which have been rising from the coast, generally have a high plateau appearance, are divided into three major regions; These are Fezzan, Tripoli, and Sirenaik regions.

The Sirenaik region, which has entered into the Mediterranean as an arc, starts to rise from the plain unshredded coasts. The Green Mountain (Cebel-ul-Ahdar), which runs parallel to the coast, is the highest point of the existing plateau and is about 880 m high. This high plateau in the northeast begins to descend towards the Libyan Desert in the south.

Located on the west of Sidra Bay and having an average height of 650 m, the region of Tripoli has large and small oases and is covered with fertile soils. Nafusa Mountain, the highest point of this region, covers the region against the north winds.

The Great Sahara Desert, which constitutes a large part of the Libyan territory and covers almost all of North Africa, is deserted. In the Sahara Desert, the climate is very different.

Governance

Libya is a central republic under military control and has been managed since 1969 in the direction of the Green Book, full of “socialism” and “third universal theory” ideas. Libya’s new name was changed to “Libyan Arab People’s Socialist Jamahiriya”. “Great People’s Congress” was established instead of “government and state”.

Accordingly, the first secretary of the five-person Secretariat of the People’s Congress is the President. Gaddafi, like Castro, has pursued a policy favored by Moscow and has tried to establish a new system of ideas. This policy has brought Libya to various rivalries with its neighbors, other African countries and free world countries. Despite the claim to be the Islamic Republic, the state administration has rejected the basic principles of Islamic religion, keeping its relevance to Islam at the level of the only name.

Climate

The climate is varied. It is generally under the influence of the desert climate. The summers are quite hot and dry, the winters are warm and low-rainy. The temperature average is 15 degrees in winter and 38 degrees in summer.

Religion

The vast majority of the population is Muslims.

Industry and Tourism

The economic balance, which is very bad at the beginning, has returned to normal due to the availability of oil deposits. As of today, although the auxiliary elements of the economy are agricultural and animal husbandry, the main income is oil and petroleum products. A significant increase in oil exports in recent years has introduced Libya to the world and brought it to sixth place in the countries exporting oil.

Because of the recent civil war, tourism is almost at the “no” level. See also, Tourism in Libya, 10 Reasons to Visit Libya.

  • Population: 6,535,770
  • Population Density: 4 per Km2
  • Land Area: 1,759,540 Km2