Canadian Provinces and Territories

Canada has a total of 10 provinces and 3 territories.

The vast majority of the Canadian population lives in areas close to the US-Canada border. In this post we will have some information about Canada provinces and territories.

Map Canada Provinces and Territories

Canada administrative divisions colored political map ten provinces and three
Canada administrative divisions map: 10 provinces, 3 territories, and cities.
A color-coded map of Canada showing its provinces and territories with labels.
Map of Canada Provinces

Provinces and Territories of Canada


A panoramic view of Niagara Falls with water cascading down, greenery surrounding the area, and a clear sky above.
Niagara Falls

Canada’s most populous province. The population estimate for the year 2018 is 14,318,750. Toronto is Ontario’s largest city and capital city at the same time. Ontario has a surface area of 1,076,395 square kilometers.

Highlights of Ontario:

  • CN Tower
  • Algonquin Provincial Park
  • Journey Behind the Falls
  • Royal Ontario Museum
  • Horseshoe Falls
  • Ripley’s Aquarium of Canada
  • Toronto Eaton Center
  • Canada’s Wonderland
  • Toronto Zoo
  • St. Canadian War Museum
  • Fort George Ontario
  • Ontario Science Center
  • Canadian National Museum of Canada
  • Bata Shoe Museum
  • Bird Kingdom
  • National Museum of Canada
  • Lawrence Market South
  • Air Canada Center
  • Centerville Amusement Park
  • Niagara Parks Butterfly
  • Hockey Hall of Fame Museum of Nature
  • Niagara Falls
  • Rideau Canal
  • Cave of the Winds
  • Bruce Peninsula National Park
  • Blue Mountain
  • A great Upside Down House


A historic castle-like building with a tall tower overlooks a cityscape and river under a partly cloudy sky.

Canada’s second most populous province. The population is 8,164,361. The capital city is Quebec and the largest city is Montreal. The area is 1,542,056 kilometers.

The places you absolutely must see are:

  • the Château Frontenac
  • the Montmoren
  • the Cathedral-Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
  • the Citadelle of Quebec
  • the Montreal Biodome
  • the Montreal Botanical Garden
  • the Plains of Abraham
  • the Gatineau Park
  • Mont-Tremblant National Park
  • Montreal Insectarium
  • Parc Omega
  • La Fontaine Park
  • Center, Granby Zoo
  • Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours Chapel
  • Maisonneuve Park
  • Old Port of Montreal
  • Petit Champlain
  • Saguenay Fjord National Park
  • Forillon National Park
  • La Mauricie National Park
  • Mount Royal Park

British Columbia

A city waterfront features modern skyscrapers, a unique geodesic dome, and a small red and white boat under a clear blue sky.

The population is 4,648,055 and the area is 944,735 square kilometers.

Whatever you need to see:

  • Stanley Park
  • Capilano Hanging Bridge
  • Butchart Gardens
  • Whistler Blackcomb
  • Grouse Mountain
  • Pacific Rim National Park Reserve
  • Vancouver Aquarium
  • Big White
  • Queen Elizabeth Park
  • Royal British Columbia Museum
  • Science World
  • Joffre Lakes Provincial Park
  • Beacon Hill Park
  • Craigdarroch Castle
  • Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden
  • VanDusen Botanical Garden
  • MacMillan Provincial Park
  • Museum of Anthropology at UBC
  • Britannia Mine Museum
  • Yoho National Park
  • Canada Place
  • Kootenay National Park
  • Mount Robson Provincial Park
  • Garibaldi Provincial Park
  • Glacier National Park
  • Kicking Horse Resort
  • Shannon Falls State Park
  • Svetitshoveli Cathedral
  • Takakkaw Falls
  • Cypress Mountain Ski Area
  • Mount Revelstoke National Park
  • Lynn Canyon Suspension Bridge
  • Sun Peaks Resort
  • Wells Gray Provincial Park
  • Forsyth Park
  • Lynn Canyon Park
  • Granville Island Public Market
  • Sea to Sky Gondola
  • British Columbia Parliament Building.


A scenic view of a turquoise lake surrounded by forested mountains under a partly cloudy sky.
Peyto Lake

The population is 4,067,175, the area is 661,848 square kilometers. The capital is Edmonton and the largest city is Calgary.

The must-see places are:

  • Banff National Park
  • Jasper National Park
  • Banff Upper Hot Springs
  • Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology
  • Maligne Canyon
  • Cave and Basin National Historic Site
  • West Edmonton Mall
  • Heritage Park Historical Village
  • Dinosaur State Park
  • Elk Island National Park
  • Calgary Zoo
  • Jasper Skytram
  • Calgary Tower
  • Glenbow Museum
  • Prince’s Island Park
  • Canmore Nordic Center Provincial Park
  • Whyte Museum
  • Calaway Park
  • Fish Creek Provincial Park
  • Waterloo Lakes National Park
  • Lake Louise Ski Resort.


A cityscape with modern architecture, a cable-stayed bridge, a unique museum, skyscrapers, and partly cloudy skies.
Manitoba Winnipeg skyline

The population is 1,278,365, the area is 552,370 square kilometers. The capital city and the largest city is Winnipeg.

Places to see absolutely:

  • The Forks
  • Assiniboine Park Zoo
  • Manitoba Museum
  • Assiniboine Park
  • FortWhyte Alive
  • Exchange District
  • Manitoba Legislative Building
  • Winnipeg Art Gallery
  • Fort Garry
  • Saint Boniface Cathedral
  • Leo Mol Sculpture Garden
  • The Royal Canadian Mint
  • the Royal Canadian Mint
  • the Royal Canadian Mint
  • the Royal Canadian Mint
  • the Esplanade Riel
  • the Forks National Historic Site
  • the Canadian Fossil Discovery Center
  • the Winnipeg Railway Museum
  • the Le Musée de Saint-Boniface Museum
  • Pinewa Dam Provincial Park
  • Aspen Park Provincial Park
  • Nipking Provincial Park
  • Nipking Provincial Park
  • Lower Fort Garry
  • The Forks National Historic Site
  • Pisew Falls Provincial Park
  • Turtle Mountain Provincial Park.


Aurora borealis (Northern Lights) over a body of water with a night sky and visible shoreline.
Saskatchewan aurora

The population is 1,098,352, the area is 588,243 square kilometers. The capital is Regina and the largest city is Saskatoon.

Places you should absolutely see:

  • Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park
  • Prince Albert National Park
  • Wascana Center
  • Forestry Farm Park and Zoo
  • Royal Saskatchewan Museum
  • Wanuskewin Heritage Park
  • RCMP Heritage Center
  • Saskatchewan Science Center
  • Fort Walsh
  • Saskatchewan Legislative Building Duck Mountain Provincial Park is located in Greenville Lake Provincial Park. It is located in the heart of Saskatoon.
  • Saskatchewan Landing Provincial Park Campground
  • Narrow Hills Provincial Park
  • Blackstrap Provincial Park.

Nova Scotia

A picturesque waterfront with colorful buildings reflected in calm water during twilight.

The population is 923,598, the area is 52,942 square kilometers. It is the capital and the largest city in Halifax.

  • Victoria Park
  • Nova Scotia Museum
  • Museum of the Immigration at Pier 21
  • Victoria Park
  • Nova Scotia Museum of the Immigration at the Citadel Hill
  • Maritime Museum of the Atlantic
  • Point Pleasant Park
  • Halifax Public Gardens
  • Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site
  • Sherbrooke Village
  • Sherbrooke Village
  • Cape Breton Highlands
  • Shabie Park
  • Port-au-Prince National Park
  • Kejimkujik National Park
  • Grand-Pré National Historic Site
  • Peggys Point Lighthouse
  • Fort Anne
  • Cape Chignecto Provincial Park
  • Blomidon Provincial Park
  • The Cabot Trail
  • Long Lake Provincial Park
  • Royal National Historic Site
  • Crystal Crescent Beach Provincial Park
  • William E. deGarthe Memorial Provincial Park
  • Balancing Rock.

New Brunswick

A photo of the Hopewell Rocks at low tide with a kayak navigating between the rock formations.
Bay of Fundy

The population is 747,101, the area is 71,388 square kilometers. The capital is Fredericton and the largest city is Moncton.

There are plenty of places to see, including:

  • Hopewell Rocks
  • Parlee Beach Provincial Park
  • Magnetic Hill Zoo
  • Magic Mountain
  • Irving Nature Park
  • Rockwood Park
  • Saint John
  • New Brunswick Museum
  • Kings Landing Historical Settlement
  • Carleton Martello Tower
  • New Brunswick Railway Museum
  • Fundy National Park
  • Kouchibouguac National Park
  • Roosevelt Campobello
  • Charleston County Museum
  • Fredericton Region Museum
  • Saint John Jewish Historical Museum
  • Resurgo Place
  • Science East
  • Fort Beauséjour
  • Barbour’s General Store International Park
  • Mount Carleton Provincial Park
  • Giant Lobster
  • Mactaquac Provincial Park
  • Miguasha National Park
  • Village historique acadien
  • Herring Cove Provincial Park
  • Sugarloaf Provincial Park
  • Centennial Park
  • St Martins Sea Caves
  • Old Sow whirlpool
  • New River Beach Provincial.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Aerial view of a deep fjord with steep cliffs on either side and a boat leaving a wake in the water.
Newfoundland and Labrador

The population is 519,716, the area is 370,514 square kilometers. The capital and largest city Is John’s’.

The places you absolutely need to see:

  • The Rooms
  • Johnson Geo Center
  • Cabot Tower
  • Bowring Park
  • Bannerman Park
  • Pippy Park
  • Railway Coastal Museum
  • Suncor Energy Fluvarium
  • Colony Of Avalon Foundation
  • Commissariat House
  • Newfoundland Insectarium
  • Cupids Legacy Center Lobster Cove Head
  • Lighthouse
  • Marble Mountain Ski Resort
  • Terre Nova National Park
  • Durrell Museum
  • North Atlantic Aviation Museum
  • Crow’s Nest Officers’ Club
  • Wooden Boat Museum of Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Port au Choix Archaeological Site
  • Bonne Bay Marine Station
  • Cape Spear Lighthouse National Historic Site The Arches Provincial Park
  • Salmonier Nature Park
  • Butter Pot Provincial Park
  • Dawson’s Provincial Park
  • Azores Georgetown
  • Mary’s Ecological Reserve
  • Blow Me Down Provincial Park

Prince Edward Island

A scenic view of a coastal village with colorful houses and green fields under a clear blue sky.
Prince Edward Island

The population is 142,907, the area is 5,686 square kilometers. The capital and largest city is Charlottetown.

Places to see:

  • Confederation Bridge
  • Green Gables
  • Province House
  • St. Cabot Beach Provincial Park
  • Dunedin’s Basilica
  • Anne of Green Gables Museum at Silver Bush
  • Beaconsfield Historic House
  • Canadian Potato Museum & Antique Farm Machinery Museum
  • Lucy Maud Montgomery Birthplace
  • Prince Edward Island National Park
  • Basin Head Provincial Park
  • Confederation Landing
  • Cedar Dunes Provincial Park
  • Brudenell River Provincial Park
  • Top Notch Charters
  • Red Point Provincial Park
  • Argyle Shore Provincial Park
  • Cape Bear Lighthouse and Marconi Museum.

Northwest Territories

A photo shows two teepees under the Northern Lights with a person's silhouette, distant lights and snowy ground.
Northwest Territories

The population is 41,786, and the area is 1,143,793 square kilometers. The capital and the largest city is Yellowknife.

The places you absolutely must see are:

  • Nahanni National Park
  • Wood Buffalo National Park
  • Northern Heritage Center
  • Northern Arts and Cultural Center
  • Norman Wells Historical Center
  • Tuktut Nogait National Park
  • Aulavik National Park
  • Snowking’s Winter Festival
  • Our Lady of Victory Church
  • Gallery of the Midnight Sun
  • Down to Earth Gallery
  • Bush Pilots Monument
  • Northern Images
  • Aurora Village
  • Mac the Moose
  • Museum Cafe
  • Aurora Emporium
  • Somba K’e park
  • Midnight Sun Recreation Complex
  • Midnight Sun Mosque
  • Yellowknife River Territorial Park Day Area
  • Cameron Falls
  • Nááts’įhch’oh National Park Reserve
  • End of Ingram Trail.


A night-time scene with the Northern Lights (aurora borealis) visible in the sky, over a snowy landscape with illuminated buildings.

The population is 35,944, the area is 1,877,778 kilometers. The capital city and the largest city is Whitehorse.

The places you absolutely need to see:

  • Auyuittuq National Park
  • Quttinirpaaq National Park
  • Tuktut Nogait National Park
  • Nunatta Sunakkutaangit Museum
  • Polar Bear Pass National Wildlife Area
  • Ovayok Territorial Park
  • Sirmik National Park
  • Dewey Soper Migratory Bird Sanctuary
  • Harry Gibbons Bird Sanctuary
  • Migratory Bird Sanctuary.


A scenic view of a tranquil turquoise lake with reflections of surrounding mountains and clouds in the water, under a partly cloudy sky.

The population is 35,874, the area is 474,712 square kilometers. The capital city and the largest city is Iqaluit. The places you absolutely must see are:

  • Yukon Transportation Museum
  • the Yukon Arts Center
  • the Jack London Museum
  • Keno City Mining Museum
  • Kootenay National Park and Reserve
  • Sign Post Forest
  • SS Klondike
  • Ivvavik National Park
  • Diamond Tooth Gertie’s Gambling Hall
  • Kwanlin Yesterday Cultural Center
  • Vuntut National Park
  • Carcross Desert
  • Husky Bus
  • Mount Sima
  • Midnight Dome Viewpoint
  • Dawson Historical Complex National Historic Site
  • Village of Haines Junction.