What is the Capital of Uganda?

Kampala is the capital of Uganda. Kampala serves as Uganda’s essential cultural, economic, and transportation hub.

The map displays Uganda's outline, its capital Kampala, neighboring countries, and parts of Lake Victoria.
Where is Kampala?

Kampala is known for its vibrant culture, lively markets, and a blend of modern and traditional architecture. As a hub for many governmental functions and international organizations, Kampala plays a vital role in Uganda’s development. The city is also a gateway to various tourist attractions in Uganda, making it a significant destination for visitors to the region.

Where is Kampala?

Pin point on the location of Kampala, Uganda
Pin point on the location of Kampala, Uganda.

Kampala is located in the southern part of Uganda, near the northern shores of Lake Victoria. It’s situated at an elevation of 1,190 meters (3,900 feet) above sea level and lies in the Buganda region, a historical kingdom within Uganda.

The city’s coordinates are approximately 0.3476 °N latitude and 32.5825 °E longitude, placing it near the equator. Kampala’s favorable location near Lake Victoria and its lush hills contribute to its tropical climate.

History of Kampala

The history of Kampala is rich and multifaceted, reflecting the region’s broader historical, cultural, and political developments.

Before the arrival of European colonialists, Kampala was a significant site within the Kingdom of Buganda. The area was known for several hills, each having a unique historical, political, or religious significance. The name “Kampala” itself derives from the Luganda phrase “kasozi k’empala,” which means “hill of impalas.”

The Kabaka's Palace, dating back to the late 19th century
The Kabaka’s Palace, dating back to the late 19th century, is the official palace of the Kabaka, the traditional ruler of the Buganda Kingdom in Uganda.

During this period, the Buganda Kingdom, one of the largest and most powerful in the region, administered the area, and Kampala’s hills were home to various religious, royal, and administrative functions.

With the signing of the 1890 Buganda Agreement, British colonialists established control over the region. Kampala began to transform under British rule, becoming an administrative and commercial center.

The British developed infrastructure, introduced new forms of governance, and encouraged economic activities like trade and agriculture. Fort Lugard, built on Old Kampala Hill, was a strategic military location, and the city began to take shape as a cosmopolitan center.

The Monument of Independence in Kampala
The Monument of Independence, a historical landmark commemorating Uganda’s attainment of independence from British colonial rule.

Upon Uganda’s independence in 1962, Kampala was designated the capital city. The early post-independence years saw a focus on modernization, and the city expanded rapidly. However, political turmoil and civil conflicts during the 1970s and 1980s led to economic decline and infrastructure degradation.

The regime changes and subsequent reconstruction efforts in the late 1980s and 1990s ushered in a period of redevelopment and growth. Investments in infrastructure, the rise of various industries, and cultural revival have shaped Kampala into a vibrant, dynamic city. It continues to be a hub for political activity, commerce, and cultural exchange, reflecting its traditional heritage and modern, globalized character.

Features of Kampala

Kampala city by night
The bustling city of Kampala at night

Kampala is known for its unique blend of historical richness and modern growth. The juxtaposition of contemporary architecture and traditional Buganda structures in Kampala showcases its journey from a historical kingdom to a bustling modern city.

Geography and Climate

Landscape of Kampala
Landscape of Kampala

Kampala’s geography is characterized by rolling hills and expansive valleys, creating a picturesque urban landscape. The city’s proximity to Lake Victoria and its equatorial location contributes to its tropical wet and dry climate.

Kampala experiences two main rainy seasons, from March to May and October to November, with heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. The dry seasons are typically from December to February and June to August. Average temperatures in Kampala range from 17 °C (63 °F) to 27 °C (81 °F), making the climate relatively mild and pleasant throughout the year.


Everyday vistas of Kampala's bustling avenues
Everyday vistas of Kampala’s bustling streets.

Kampala has a population of over 1.6 million, making it the largest city in Uganda. The diverse population comprises various ethnic groups, including the indigenous Baganda, other Ugandan ethnic communities, and many expatriates.

The city’s populace is generally young, with a large proportion under 30. Kampala is known for its hospitable and friendly residents, reflecting the broader Ugandan culture. The city is a melting pot where traditional values coexist with modern urban lifestyles.


Downtown Kampala, the main commercial area of Kampala
Downtown Kampala, the main commercial area of Kampala.

Kampala serves as Uganda’s economic heartbeat, hosting the headquarters of numerous businesses, banks, and international organizations. It is a hub for various industries, including manufacturing, trade, information technology, and telecommunications.

The city’s markets, such as Owino and Nakasero, are bustling centers for commerce, offering everything from fresh produce to textiles and electronics. Kampala also has a growing tech scene, fostering innovation and entrepreneurship. The presence of several universities and research institutions contributes to a skilled workforce.

Tourism is another vital sector, with Kampala as a gateway to Uganda’s many natural attractions. While unemployment and inequality persist, the city’s economy is dynamic and grows, contributing significantly to the national GDP.

Things to Do and Places to See in Kampala

Kampala is filled with various attractions and activities for tourists to explore:

1. Visit the Uganda Museum

Uganda Museum in Kampala, the oldest museum in East Africa.
Uganda Museum in Kampala, the oldest museum in East Africa.

The Uganda Museum plays a significant role in preserving and showcasing the country’s cultural heritage, historical artifacts, traditional music, and archeological findings. The museum was established in 1908, and over the years, it has moved to various locations in Kampala before settling at its current spot on Kitante Hill.

The museum boasts a diverse collection that includes tools from the Stone Age, traditional Ugandan musical instruments, ethnological exhibits, and artifacts from the various ethnic groups of Uganda. Additionally, there are exhibits about the history of Uganda, including its colonial period and post-independence era.

2. Explore the Kasubi Tombs

The Kasubi Tombs, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001
The Kasubi Tombs, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001.

The Kasubi Tombs are an essential cultural and historical site on Kasubi Hill. They are significant not only for their architectural splendor but also for their cultural value to the Baganda people, one of Uganda’s largest ethnic groups. Here are some noteworthy aspects of the Kasubi Tombs:

The site serves as the royal burial ground for Buganda’s four kabakas (kings), namely Muteesa I, Mwanga II, Daudi Chwa II, and Sir Edward Muteesa II. The tombs are an active religious place in the Buganda Kingdom. Rituals related to Ganda culture are often performed in the precincts of the tombs.

3. Uganda National Mosque

Uganda National Mosque, one of the largest mosques in Africa
Uganda National Mosque, one of the largest mosques in Africa, serving as a significant symbol of Islam in the country.

The Uganda National Mosque, formerly known as the Gaddafi National Mosque, is an iconic religious structure on Kampala Hill in the heart of Kampala. The mosque’s construction started in 1972, and it was finally completed in 2007 with financial assistance from Libya under Colonel Muammar Gaddafi. This is why it was initially named after him.

The mosque is open to visitors of all faiths, and guided tours are available. Climbing the minaret is often a highlight for tourists, offering a unique perspective of Kampala city. When visiting, it’s crucial to dress modestly in respect of Islamic customs, and women might be provided with scarves to cover their heads.

4. Uganda Martyrs Catholic Shrine Basilica

The Martyrs Catholic Shrine Basilica, a place where St. Charles Lwanga was burnt
The Martyrs Catholic Shrine Basilica, a place where St. Charles Lwanga was burnt by the order of Mwanga on June 3, 1886.

The Uganda Martyrs’ Catholic Shrine Basilica, often referred to simply as the Uganda Martyrs’ Shrine, is located in Namugongo, part of the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area.

The shrine is an important religious and historical site dedicated to the memory of 22 Catholic converts killed between 1885 and 1887 on the orders of Kabaka Mwanga II, the then king of Buganda, for refusing to renounce Christianity.

Visiting the Uganda Martyrs’ Catholic Shrine Basilica provides an insightful experience into Uganda’s religious history, the resilience of faith, and the cultural dynamics of the late 19th century. It is a testament to the dedication and sacrifice of those who believed in their faith, even in the face of persecution.

5. Shop at Acacia Mall

The Acacia Mall, Kampala
The Acacia Mall, Kampala

Acacia Mall, located on Acacia Avenue in Kampala, is one of the city’s premier shopping destinations. Since its establishment, the mall has become a popular spot for shopping, leisure, entertainment, and dining.

The mall houses a mix of international and local brands. You can find everything from fashion and accessories, electronics, beauty products, home décor, bookstores, major supermarkets stocking a wide variety of local and imported goods, fresh produce, household items, and more.

6. Climb the Namirembe Cathedral Hill

Namirembe Cathedral on top of the hill
Namirembe Cathedral on top of the hill, featuring a rich history dating back to the late 19th century.

Namirembe Cathedral, also known as St. Paul’s Cathedral, is one of Kampala’s most iconic religious structures. Located atop Namirembe Hill, which translates to “Mother of Peace,” the cathedral serves as the provincial cathedral of the Church of Uganda, a member province of the Anglican Communion.

Climbing Namirembe Cathedral Hill and exploring the cathedral is a religious experience and offers cultural, historical, and scenic rewards. Whether you’re a history buff, an architecture enthusiast, or someone seeking spiritual solace, Namirembe Cathedral provides a multifaceted experience.

7. Explore the Bahá’í Temple

The Baha'i House of Worship in Kampala, one of just three Baha'i Temples in Africa
The Baha’i House of Worship in Kampala, one of just three Baha’i Temples in Africa, alongside those in Kenya and DR Congo.

The Bahá’í Temple stands atop Kikaya Hill and features a distinctive dome design. Lush gardens and beautiful terraces surround it. The temple itself is designed with nine entrances, representing the nine major world religions, showcasing the Bahá’í faith’s principle of religious unity. It is a significant religious and architectural landmark. It’s not only the Bahá’í faith’s primary place of worship in Africa.

Exploring the Bahá’í Temple in Kampala provides a unique opportunity to learn about the Bahá’í faith, appreciate architectural beauty, and enjoy moments of peace and reflection amidst the bustling city. Whether interested in religion, architecture, or simply seeking a serene space, the temple is a must-visit in Kampala.

8. Ndere Cultural Centre

Dancers performing at the Ndere Cultural Centre, dressed in traditional Ugandan wear
Dancers performing at the Ndere Cultural Centre, dressed in traditional Ugandan wear.

The Ndere Cultural Centre is a celebrated hub for Ugandan culture, music, and dance. Located in Ntinda, a suburb of Kampala, it is an initiative by the Ndere Troupe, one of Uganda’s most renowned traditional performing groups. The center aims to promote and preserve the rich cultural heritage of Uganda.

Visiting the Ndere Cultural Centre provides a comprehensive experience of Ugandan culture, from its vibrant dances and music to its delicious cuisine. It’s a must-visit for anyone interested in understanding the cultural tapestry of Uganda and enjoying world-class performances. If planning a visit, it’s a good idea to check their performance schedule to make the most of the experience.

9. Visit the National Theatre

The Kampala National Theatre, a significant contributor to the growth of arts in Uganda
Kampala National Theatre, a significant contributor to the growth of arts in Uganda.

The National Theatre in Kampala is one of Uganda’s premier cultural institutions, serving as both a theater and a hub for various arts and crafts activities. Located in the heart of Kampala, the theater has played a crucial role in promoting the country’s rich cultural and artistic heritage.

The theater hosts a range of performances, including plays, traditional dance and music shows, contemporary dance, concerts, and poetry readings. The variety aims to cater to diverse audiences and showcase the wealth of Ugandan talent.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best time to visit Kampala?

Kampala can be visited year-round, but the dry seasons (December to February and June to August) are often considered the best times to visit, as there is less rainfall.

Is Kampala safe for tourists?

Like many large cities, Kampala has safe areas and others that might be less so. Generally, tourists should exercise standard precautions, such as avoiding walking alone at night in unfamiliar places and keeping an eye on belongings.

What currency is used, and where can I exchange money in Kampala?

The Ugandan Shilling (UGX) is the official currency in Kampala and Uganda. Money can be exchanged at the city’s airport, banks, and authorized foreign exchange bureaus.

What’s the traditional food like in Kampala?

Kampala offers a rich array of local dishes, including staples like matoke (steamed bananas), posho (cornmeal), and meats or fish served with groundnut sauce. You can find both local eateries and international restaurants.

Which languages are spoken in Kampala?

English and Luganda are commonly spoken in Kampala. English is the official language and is widely understood.

How can I get around Kampala?

Kampala has various transportation options, including boda-bodas (motorcycle taxis), matatus (shared minibusses), and private taxis. Ride-hailing apps are also available.

Are there international hospitals or clinics?

Kampala has several hospitals and clinics that offer services to international standards. It is advisable to have travel insurance that covers medical expenses.

Can I buy a local SIM card for my phone in Kampala?

Local SIM cards are readily available, and tourists must present a valid passport for registration.

Final Thoughts

With its intriguing mix of history, culture, and urban vibrancy, Kampala serves as a testament to Uganda’s resilience and potential. The city, draped over its iconic seven hills, offers a captivating blend of the past and the present, where age-old traditions seamlessly merge with contemporary life.

Kampala unquestionably warrants a visit as a gateway to Uganda’s vast natural wonders and a hub of East African culture and commerce. For those seeking to understand Uganda’s heartbeat and experience its people’s warmth, the capital provides an authentic and enriching journey, making it a destination well worth exploring.

Image Sources and Copyright Information
  • image-212: © Mappr
  • Map Pinpointing Kampala in Uganda: © Aleksandrkozak/Shutterstock
  • Kabaka’s Palace in Uganda: © JordiStock/Shutterstock
  • Kampala Independence Monument in Uganda: © Tatsiana Hendzel/Shutterstock
  • Kampala Cityscape: © Stefan Rotter/Shutterstock
  • Bustling Street Scene in Kampala: © Wirestock Creators/Shutterstock
  • Downtown Street Scene in Kampala with Pedestrians and Traffic: © Ploy Makkason/Shutterstock
  • Exterior View of Uganda Museum: © Kateregga1/Wikimedia | CC BY-SA 4.0 International
  • Thatched Roof Structures at Kasubi Royal Tombs: © Aleksandr Stezhkin/Shutterstock
  • Uganda National Mosque Exterior View: © Tatsiana Hendzel/Shutterstock
  • Uganda Martyrs Shrine Basilica Exterior: © Ocircan Francis/Shutterstock
  • Exterior View of Acacia Mall with Street Activity: © Matyas Rehak/Shutterstock
  • St. Paul’s Cathedral Namirembe on a Sunny Day: © Enoch Kazibwe/Wikimedia | CC BY-SA 4.0 International
  • Baha’i House of Worship on a Cloudy Day: © Jameswasswa/Wikimedia | CC BY-SA 4.0 International
  • Traditional Dance Performance at Ndere Cultural Centre: © Mariya Sukhoveyko/Shutterstock
  • National Theatre with Sculpture in Kampala: © Chapelle musa/Wikimedia | CC BY-SA 4.0 International