What is the capital of Nauru?

Yaren is the capital of Nauru. Yaren is not just the administrative capital but also the largest district in terms of population on the island nation.

Yaren, the capital city of Nauru
Yaren, the capital city of Nauru.

Yaren serves as the main center for government and commerce. Despite being the de facto capital, Yaren doesn’t officially hold city status. It is known for its rich historical landmarks, especially remnants from World War II, and its role as the gateway to Nauru’s unique island culture.

Where is Yaren?

Pin marking the location of Yaren
Pin marking the location of Yaren on the island of Nauru.

Yaren is situated on the southwest coast of Nauru, one of the world’s smallest independent countries. The Pacific Ocean surrounds the island, with its closest neighbors being the Solomon Islands to the northwest, Tuvalu to the northeast, and Kiribati to the east.

When looking at a map, Yaren’s location on Nauru can be pinpointed by its coastlines, which are lapped by the waters of the Pacific, providing it with a strategic geographical location within the island. Due to its central role, this district is also a key entry and exit point for travelers, thanks to the nearby airport.

History of Yaren

Centuries ago, Yaren and the rest of Nauru witnessed the arrival of its first settlers—Micronesian and Polynesian people. These early inhabitants built a life by harnessing the bounties of the land and sea.

Fishing in the vast Pacific, cultivating the fertile soils, and hunting became integral to their way of life. As time passed, distinct tribal communities, with their traditions and customs, began to take shape within the island’s boundaries.

Abandoned Railway near Yaren, once a crucial infrastructure for transporting phosphate
An abandoned Railway near Yaren, once a crucial infrastructure for transporting phosphate, offering a glimpse into Nauru’s once-booming phosphate industry.

The horizon of Yaren changed when European explorers made their way to this part of the Pacific. In the late 18th century, British sea captain John Fearn became the first European to sight Nauru, including the region of Yaren.

He named it “Pleasant Island” due to its appealing landscape and the hospitality of the natives. From this point, Yaren began seeing an influx of European whalers, traders, and missionaries who brought new goods, beliefs, and influences.

The late 19th and early 20th centuries marked a transformative period for Yaren. The discovery of rich phosphate deposits on Nauru led to intense mining activities. Being a central district, Yaren played a pivotal role in these endeavors.

The island, including Yaren, became a coveted possession for colonial powers due to its mineral wealth. Over the years, it witnessed a series of colonial handovers, including German and Australian administrations.

The shadows of the global conflict reached the shores of Yaren during World War II. Japanese forces occupied the island, and Yaren felt the impact of this occupation. Infrastructure was established, and the local population endured hardships under foreign rule.

However, after the war, the Australian administration, alongside British and New Zealand authorities, resumed control over Nauru and Yaren.

Parliament House in Yaren, serving as the legislative heart of Nauru
Parliament House in Yaren, serving as the legislative heart of Nauru, a testament to the country’s efforts at self-governance and democracy.

In the years following the war, Yaren, as the de facto capital, became the focal point of Nauru’s journey towards self-governance and eventual independence on January 31, 1968. The city witnessed the formation of local governing bodies and the establishment of diplomatic ties with other nations.

Features of Yaren

Yaren from Above, revealing the compact nature of the town
Yaren from Above, revealing the compact nature of the town.

Yaren exudes a unique charm that blends its historical legacy with its present-day significance. Its shoreline kisses the vast expanse of the Pacific Ocean, offering serene vistas that attract both locals and visitors. The district’s intimate size and importance as a hub of governance and commerce give it a bustling yet laid-back ambiance.

Geography and Climate

View of the vast Pacific Ocean, underscoring Yaren's geographical isolation and maritime significance
View of the vast Pacific Ocean, underscoring Yaren’s geographical isolation and maritime significance.

Yaren’s geography is characterized by its coastal setting, with the vast Pacific Ocean to its side. As in much of Nauru, the terrain here is relatively flat, with sporadic patches of raised coral formations. The soil, influenced by years of phosphate mining, varies in fertility.

The climate of Yaren is equatorial, meaning it remains warm and humid throughout the year. There’s a notable wet season from November to February when the district receives the bulk of its annual rainfall.

Outside of these months, Yaren enjoys a drier climate with occasional showers. Temperatures generally hover around the mid-to-high 20s Celsius, providing a tropical feel to the district.


Locals from Yaren during a celebration
Locals from Yaren during a celebration.

Yaren is the most populated district in Nauru, but in absolute terms, it remains a small community. The inhabitants are primarily Nauruans, with a mix of other Pacific Islanders and expatriates from Australia, New Zealand, and the Philippines.

English and Nauruan are widely spoken, with the latter being the native tongue of the majority. The culture here is deeply rooted in Pacific traditions, from communal gatherings to age-old arts and crafts.


Phosphate Loading Station near Yaren, an emblem of Nauru's economic reliance on phosphate
Phosphate Loading Station near Yaren, an emblem of Nauru’s economic reliance on phosphate exports, once a hive of activity, handling the country’s primary revenue source.

Historically, Yaren’s economy was intertwined with the broader economic activities of Nauru, especially the phosphate mining industry. While phosphate extraction remains an essential industry, its dominance has waned due to depleting reserves.

In Yaren, government institutions and the international airport bring a flurry of economic activities. The service sector, including retail, hospitality, and transportation, plays a pivotal role.

Additionally, the district benefits from foreign aid and investment, especially from countries with which Nauru has diplomatic ties.

Over the years, there’s been an effort to diversify the economic base of Yaren, with initiatives in sectors like fishing, small-scale agriculture, and tourism. However, challenges like the limited land area and external dependencies influence the city’s economic health.

Things to Do and Places to See in Yaren

Numerous attractions and activities await visitors in Yaren. Dive into the highlights and key spots of this captivating capital city.

1. Stroll Along Anibare Bay

Anibare Bay, known for its stunning vistas and coral reefs
Anibare Bay, known for its stunning vistas and coral reefs.

Anibare Bay, on the eastern side of Nauru, stands as a natural wonder with its sweeping beaches and turquoise waters. Famous for its coral reefs and strategic importance as a boat harbor, it is a must-see location for any visitor to the island.

Visitors to Anibare Bay can experience diverse activities, from water sports like kayaking and jet-skiing to more laid-back pursuits like beachcombing and picnicking. The bay’s protected waters also provide a safe environment for swimming.

2. Explore the WWII Remnants

Remnants of World War II near Yaren
Remnants of World War II near Yaren, a sobering reminder of the island’s strategic importance.

The traces of World War II in Yaren offer a compelling glimpse into the island’s complex past. These sites stand as historical markers of the island’s involvement in global conflict.

History buffs and those interested in military history will find these sites fascinating. Guided tours often provide deeper context and stories behind each installation, enriching the visitor experience.

It’s an opportunity to learn about a lesser-known World War II theater while appreciating Nauru’s resilience and its people.

3. Moqua Well

Moqua Well, one of the few natural freshwater sources in Nauru
Moqua Well, one of the few natural freshwater sources in Nauru.

Moqua Well is more than just a water source; it’s a testament to the resourcefulness and adaptability of the Nauruan people. In a country with limited natural freshwater reserves, Moqua Well holds a special place.

For travelers interested in understanding the lifestyle and traditions of Nauru, a visit to Moqua Well is illuminating. Beyond its utilitarian function, the well is integrated into the cultural and spiritual fabric of the community, making it an intriguing stop for culturally curious visitors.

4. Nauru International Airport’s Historical Site

Nauru International Airport
Nauru International Airport, initially constructed as a Japanese airstrip during WWII.

Nauru International Airport serves as both a modern gateway to the country and a repository of its layered history. What started as a Japanese military airstrip has evolved into a commercial hub with historical significance.

The airport complex includes various structures and markers highlighting its transformation. Though it’s a fully functioning airport, many remnants of its past have been preserved and are on display.

5. Buada Lagoon

Buada Lagoon, an unexpected dimension to Nauru's primarily oceanic landscape
Buada Lagoon, an unexpected dimension to Nauru’s primarily oceanic landscape and serves as a local recreational spot.

Buada Lagoon offers a surprising contrast to Nauru’s predominantly oceanic landscape. This freshwater lagoon is a natural beauty spot and a community gathering place.

Buada Lagoon is the perfect locale for those looking to unwind and experience a different facet of Nauruan geography. Whether you’re interested in bird-watching, picnicking, or simply soaking in the natural beauty, this inland oasis provides a refreshing change of pace.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I get to Yaren from the Nauru International Airport?

The Nauru International Airport is located within Yaren itself. Upon arrival, you can easily walk or take a short ride to various parts of the district.

What accommodations are available in Yaren for tourists?

Yaren has a few accommodations ranging from guesthouses to hotels. While choices might be limited compared to larger tourist destinations, the hospitality is warm and welcoming.

Considering its climate, what’s the best time of year to visit Yaren?

The ideal time to visit Yaren is during the drier months, from March to October. This period sees less rainfall, making it suitable for outdoor activities.

How safe is Yaren for tourists, especially for solo travelers?

Yaren is remarkably safe for tourists. Safety ratings for walking alone during both day and night are very high. Generally, the people are welcoming towards tourists, making it a comfortable and secure place for solo travelers.

Are there any local customs or etiquette I should know while visiting Yaren?

While Yaren is quite modern in many respects, it’s always good to show respect to local customs. Dress modestly, especially when visiting sacred sites, and always ask for permission before taking photographs of people or private properties.

What is the traditional cuisine like in Yaren?

Yaren’s traditional cuisine is deeply influenced by its island setting, abundant marine life, and its Polynesian and Micronesian roots.

Over the centuries, interactions with traders and settlers introduced new ingredients and culinary techniques, blending external influences with local traditions.

What dishes should I try when in Yaren?

In Yaren, a delectable spread of traditional dishes is waiting to tantalize your taste buds. Here are the top 4 must-try dishes:

1. Coconut Fish: Fresh fish marinated and cooked with coconut milk, offering a delightful blend of creamy and tangy flavors.
2. Palusami: A dish made of taro leaves stuffed with coconut cream and occasionally with meat or fish, then baked to perfection.
3. Grilled Lobster: Caught fresh from the Pacific waters, these lobsters are seasoned lightly and grilled, preserving their natural flavors.
4. Sticky Rice Pudding: A sweet dish made from rice, coconut, and sugar, often garnished with local fruits, serving as a delightful end to a meal.

Final Thoughts

Yaren is a gem in the vast Pacific, combining rich historical tapestry with natural allure. While it might not be the typical tourist destination flooded with attractions, its authentic charm, friendly locals, and unique cultural experiences make it a must-visit for those seeking a blend of history and island serenity.

Yaren is unquestionably worth the journey if you want to step off the beaten path and immerse yourself in genuine island life.

Image Sources and Copyright Information
  • Map of Nauru: © Peter Hermes Furian/Shutterstock
  • Map with Pin on Nauru: © JoaoCachapa/Shutterstock
  • Overgrown Abandoned Railway with Derailed Carriage: © Christopher Robbins/Flickr
  • Nauru Parliament Building Entrance: © Robert Szymanski/Shutterstock
  • Aerial View of Coastal Runway: © Cedric Favero/Wikimedia | CC BY-SA 2.0 Generic
  • Tropical Beach at Dusk with Palm Trees: © Christopher Robbins/Flickr
  • Ceremony or Event with Attendees and Dignitaries: © Christopher Robbins/Flickr
  • Coastal Phosphate Loading Station: © Robert Szymanski/Shutterstock
  • Coral Rocks at Anibare Bay Beach: © Robert Szymanski/Shutterstock
  • Rusty World War II Artillery in Tropical Setting: © Christopher Robbins/Flickr
  • Stone Steps Leading into a Mossy Cave: © Robert Szymanski/Shutterstock
  • Nauru Airlines Aircraft Parked at Nauru Airport: © Robert Szymanski/Shutterstock
  • Tropical Lagoon with Palm Trees: © Robert Szymanski/Shutterstock