The city of Zagreb is the capital of Croatia. It has been the focus of the geography, culture, history and political intersection of the East and the West, and has made the terrestrial and Mediterranean spirit a whole with rich content.
Zagreb is the cultural, scientific, economic, political and administrative center of the Republic of Croatia. The Parliament, the President and the Government are located here.
When did Zagreb Become the Capital?
The first settlement in the area of the city took place in the 1st century. In historical records, the name “Zagreb” was first seen in 1094. The city was formed by merging the cities of Kaptol and Gradec in 1851. Before this, there were tensions between these two cities, which almost returned to the war. In 1242, both cities suffered great losses because of Genghis Khan’s attacks.
The modern Zagreb area was first mentioned in 1093 when a Roman Catholic diocese was established there. 1241-42 After the Mongol invasion, Gradec became a royalty-free city and was fortified; Several towers are still part of this fortification. Zagreb as a political center, before fighting against Turkey and Croatia later played an important role in the history of our struggle against Germanization attempt by Austria. In the 19th century in the history of Croatian national revival, the city was the center of both a Yugoslavism movement and the Croatian independence movement.
Croatia was part of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1991. With the independence of Croatia in 1991, Zagreb remained the capital.
Features of Zagreb
Zagreb has a population of 690,000 as of 2018. Its surface area is 641 square kilometers. Zagreb’s climate is classified as an ocean climate. Summers are hot, and at the end of May temperatures begin to rise. The average daily average temperature in winter is around 1 degree and the average temperature in summer is 22 degrees.
There are many cafes, restaurants, bars and social life in the city, there is no security problem. The majority of the people speak foreign languages (young people in English, older people in German, those from Istria in Italian). Public transport is common. Trams or buses can be reached all over the city. Wide and numerous green areas and parks in and around Zagreb are suitable for hiking, cycling, and fishing.
Croatia’s economy has been developed in the metal, electrical, textile, chemical, pharmaceutical, printing, food, beverage and woodworking, and concentrated leather industries and is the center of the economy. Zagreb is a combination of trade between Central and Eastern Europe and a very important business center. The average income of a Croatian citizen is much richer than other Eastern European citizens but relatively poor for the West.
Important Places to See in Zagreb
Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, in Central Europe, welcomes more than 1 million tourists every year. The historical buildings are divided into Gornji Grad and Donji Grad in Zagreb, which is quite interesting with its stylish bars, architecture and buildings as well as its nature and streets. Places to see in Zagreb are; Ban Jelačić Square, Dolac Market and Zagreb Cathedral.