Bandar Seri Begawan is the capital of Brunei. Bandar Seri Begawan is the country’s most important financial, economic and cultural center.
Also known as BSB in short. As in the country, the distribution of income in Bandar Seri Begawan is very uneven.
When did Bandar Seri Begawan Become the Capital?
Spanish colonists who reached the Philippines in 1565 occupied some places held by Muslims. From the beginning of the 17th century, the Dutch began to squeeze Brunei from the southwest. Meanwhile, the Dutch colonists began to establish colonies in the south of Borneo. Over time, the Dutch took control of the East Indian islands. Following the Dutch, British colonists settled in the area and became interested in the British East India Company Brunei. The increase in power of the British in the region led to the weakening of the Dutch.
In 1841, the British seized the Labuan island in the north. In the same year, they intervened in an uprising against the Sultan of Brunei, and in exchange for the British who suppressed the uprising, they appointed a senior British officer, James Brooke, to become the governor of Sarawak. The British then expanded the area of sovereignty in the region and narrowed the borders of Brunei. In 1847, the Sultan of Brunei killed all the British advisers in his palace, causing the British to exacerbate their attacks. In 1888, Brunei became fully British. In 1906, Brunei, the British governor of the region, had all sorts of authority. This rule of the British continued until 1941.
In 1920, the city was declared the capital of Brunei. During World War II, much of the city’s infrastructure was destroyed by Japanese forces and the city economy suffered significantly. However, Bandar Seri Begawan began to evolve again after the war ended. The establishment of a highly profitable oil and gas industry in Brunei played an important role in strengthening the city economy and Brunei in general.
Features of Bandar Seri Begawan
Bandar Seri Begawan, the capital of Brunei, has a population of 27,285 according to 2001 data. Bandar Seri Begawan has a surface area of 100.4 square kilometers. Bandar Seri Begawan has a tropical climate. The air is hot and humid. The average annual temperature is between 24 and 32 degrees. Temperatures do not change much during the year. There is rainfall in almost all months of the year. Bandar seri Begawan has the least rainfall in March. Even in March, when the air temperature is the lowest 24 and the highest 32 degrees, it is rainy on average for 11 days. The period with the highest rainfall is between September and January.
There are many textile, furniture and timber production centers in the city. This city is also the longest named capital of the world.
Brunei people love to eat out and that’s why a restaurant can be found everywhere.
Important Places to See in Bandar Seri Begawan
You cannot see the colorful architecture you see in Southeast Asian countries in Bandar Seri Begawan. The structures here are simpler and generally box-shaped. You can go to Kampong Ayer area by sea taxis. In this region you can see hundreds of houses built on water. You can get to know the traditional life of Bandar Seri Begawan while you are visiting here.
People are generally friendly and welcoming. They may invite you to their house and offer you coffee. You can easily find water taxis while walking along the river. You must negotiate before boarding. From here you can take a nautical taxi and walk around the waterfront houses for an hour.
Bandar Seri Begawan’da at the beginning of the tour; Istana Nurul Iman (entering and taking photos is forbidden), Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque and Malay Technology Museum. Additional area attractions include Brunei History Center, Brunei Museum and Islamic Art Gallery.