Gaborone is the capital and largest city of Botswana. The city is located on the banks of the Notwane River, 15 kilometers from the South African border to the southeast of the country, and is set in a flat valley between the mountains called Kgali and Oodi Hills.
When Did Gaborone Become the Capital?
By 1969, the city was known as Gaborone. Mafeking, the capital of the Bechuanaland Protectorate, founded by Britain, had moved here. This city, which is now known as Mafikeng, was a remnant of the ancient times and remained within the borders of the Northwest Region of South Africa Republic. However, when the Protectorate gained its independence, the country’s capital needed a place within the borders of the country. It was decided that the capital was Lobatse in the first proposals, but it was decided that this would not be enough and a new capital was established at a point adjacent to Gaborone, a small colonial city.
The center of the city was built in 3 years. Parliament buildings, government offices, power plants, hospitals, schools, radio stations, district centers, post offices, and about 1000 houses were among the first built structures. On October 30, 1966, the infrastructure facilities were largely completed when Bachuanaland celebrated this national day as the 11th African State, devoted to its independence from Britain. Reverend J. D. Jones became the first mayor of the city and implemented many projects for the city. The old city of Gaborone has become a district of Gaborone today and is briefly referred to as The Village.
Features of Gaborone
Gaborone has a population of 231,592 according to 2011 data. Gaborone has a surface area of 169 square kilometers. There is a semi-arid climate in Gaborone. Temperature differences between day and night are very high. The months with the highest temperature are in January and February. Even though it is rare in October, pre-rain temperatures may rise suddenly. Humidity rate up to 90% in June. In July and August, when the temperature is around 23 degrees Celsius, it drops to 5 degrees at night.
New drinking water is provided to new parts of the city. Railway passes through the city. The major neighborhoods in Goborone are Broadhurst, Gaborone West, The Village and Naledi. Compared to other capitals in Africa, the public transport system is at a good level. There are regular bus services to the surrounding villages and districts. The newly established neighborhood, Phakalene, can have 5-star hotels, restaurants and night clubs. In order to provide water to the rapidly growing population of the city, dams have been established near the city. 40 kilometers north of the city center is Sir Seretse Khama International Airport and connects the city with major districts such as Johannesburg, Cape Town, Harare, Francistown and Maun.
Important Places to See in Gaborone
The city offers all the facilities a modern capital has to offer. Private accommodation, cinema, eating venues, night clubs and casinos provide a wide range of local and foreign tourists. Here you will find the city’s traditional handicrafts and magnificent collections of South African art.
The most prominent place in the city is the Gaborone Game Reserver, which offers a well-maintained and perfect facility. This place is a complete paradise for wildlife enthusiasts. Visiting the dam in Gaborone is a good trip activity. Activities at the Ngotwane River include great water sports.