What is the Capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina? Sarajevo is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In the history of Sarajevo, it is possible to find traces of many cultures. Rightly, the people of Sarajevo are proud of the centuries-long unity of Islam, Orthodox, Catholic, and Judaism as traditional beliefs of faith.
Bosnian capital is a place where you can see the best of the East and the West side-by-side with the Orthodox and Catholic churches and mosques and synagogues a few steps away.
When did Sarajevo Become the Capital?
The area where Sarajevo is located has been used as a settlement since the Neolithic period. The most important unique ceramics, pots and pottery remains of Sarajevo’s neolithic settlement were found in the vicinity of Butmir.
The next most important inhabitants of Sarajevo are Illyrian, who acquired the majority of the western Balkans in A.D 9. The Illyrian were defeated by the Romans occupying Bosnia-Herzegovina. After the Romans, the Slavs settled in the region in the 7th century.
Bosnia Herzegovina’s modern face began to show in the 15th century with the conquest of the Ottomans. Isa-Beg Ishaković, the first governor of the Bosnian province, played an important role in the urbanization of the region with the government “Palace”, which gave the mosque, closed bazaar, baths and cityscape that he built in the settlement area. Rapidly developing Sarajevo has quickly become the largest city in the region. Sarajevo, on its own, is the most important city of the Ottoman Empire after the Balkans.
The Austro-Hungarian Empire completely annexed Bosnia Herzegovina in 1878 after the invasion in 1908. Industrialized by the Austrian Hungarian city, the city has been a tried-and-true place before the use of tram-like innovations in Vienna. Sarajevo also sustained the longest siege of the 1992-1995 Serbian forces with military history since the Second World War.
Features of Sarajevo
Sarajevo has a population of 313,000 by 2018. The surface area is 141.5 square kilometers. Because Sarajevo is in between Europe and the Mediterranean Sea, it is under the influence of the climate characteristics of both. Adriatic Sea Sarajevo is the most influential factor in weather. The average annual temperature is 9.5 degrees.
In Sarajevo, the coldest month of the year is January with an average of -1.3 degrees, and the warmest month is July with an average of 19.1 degrees.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has a mountainous terrain structure that resembles a triangle. Sava and Neretva rivers separate the mountainous terrain. The most prominent feature of the southwestern part of the country is a karst surface structure formed by limestones filled with slits, pits, and trenches. There is arable land in small dips in between.
The Bosna River, which gave its name to the country, merged with the Sava River after a 271-kilometer trail following the birth of a source on the foothills of Igman Hill. To the north of the country’s soil, there are arable fertile soils.
Forests cover the central parts of Bosnia and the eastern parts of Serbia. Forests come from the pine, beech and oak trees. The most important of the underground wealth are coal, iron, copper, manganese, lead, mercury and silver.
Sarajevo, a safe city, is a very popular tourist city. It is among the top 10 most visited cities in the world. In 2011, it was the European Capital of Culture.
Important Places to See in Sarajevo
Sarajevo is a city that you can explore in about 2-3 days. In this city famous for its museums, galleries, churches, and bazaars, you will also see the cultural diversity of the East and West.
Because of this diversity, Sarajevo has the names of “Jerusalem of the Balkans”. It had also the name of “Damascus to the North” during the Ottoman Empire period due to the lively city life.
At the top of the places to visit is Sarajevo, Bascarsija, Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque, and the Sarajevo Tunnel.