What is the Capital of Bangladesh? Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh in Southeast Asia. It is considered the fourth most populous city in the world. Dhaka is a summary of the cultural mosaic that the country has because many religious and ethnic groups live together.
Dhaka is known as “City of Mosques” and is known for producing the world’s best muslin. It is also known as “the world’s rickshaw capital”. Approximately 400 thousand people use rickshaw every day.
When did Dhaka Become the Capital?
Dhaka has an important place in the Babylonian Empire because it has become a capital in this empire. During the imperial rule between 1526 and 1858, many mosques, mausoleums, palaces, walls and many mosques were built. In this respect, Dhaka is still known as “City of Mosques”. The city is also famous for its caravanserai, which traders used in the olden days of silk travel. After destroying the Babylonian Empire, the British, who ruled the country for about 100 years, left the dominion of the country to India in 1947. Finally, in 1971, Bangladesh could declare its independence by winning the war against India and Pakistan.
The history of the city goes back to the years of the 10th century AD. The real development was in the 17th century. British, French and Danish industrialists, established factories in the city in 17-18th centuries. The city, under the rule of Great Britain in 1765, became the capital of this country with its independence from East Pakistan in 1947
Features of Dhaka
Dhaka has 19 million population according to 2017 data. The surface area is 306.4 square kilometers. Dhaka is under the influence of humid tropical savannah climate for most of the year. During the monsoon rains season, the average temperature between May and October is 26 degrees. The average temperature during the year is 19 degrees. It goes up to 29 degrees between January and May.
The major problem in recent years in Dhaka and Bangladesh is air pollution and industrial waste. In addition to this, excessive concretization threatens wetlands in the country. In Dhaka, it is possible to see the poorest and the most prosperous living together. You’ll see luxury hotels, restaurants, shopping malls, and wealthy people all the while seeing people living in dirt and eating unhealthy.
The unemployment rate is 23 percent. Dhaka’s income per capita is $ 3,900. More than 800,000 people work only in the textile sector. Dhaka is one of the fastest growing cities in Southeast Asia with a growth rate of 4.2 percent in 2013. The city hosts many European, Chinese, Korean, Indian and Nepalese as well as a variety of native tribes. For this reason, the English-speaking population in the city has recently increased.
Important Places to See in Dhaka
Dhaka is a city whose history dates back to ancient times. Both the witnessing of many things in the country’s history and the hosting of many ethnic and religious groups have enriched the city in tourist terms. At the beginning of the places to see are; Lalbagh Fort, Ahsan Manzil, and Star Mosque are coming.