Virginia Counties Map

Found in the Eastern United States, Virginia is a state with a rich tapestry of history, culture, and natural beauty. Known as “Old Dominion” and the birthplace of several U.S. presidents, Virginia’s diverse geography ranges from the Appalachian Mountains in the west to the fertile plains of the Coastal Plain region.

Virginia (VA) on the US Map

The State of Virginia highlighted on the US map.
Virginia on the US map

Virginia is divided into 95 counties, each with its unique charm, from the bustling suburbs of Northern Virginia to the serene landscapes of the Shenandoah Valley and the picturesque shores of the Chesapeake Bay.

The Virginia Counties Map below shows the borders of each county along with the largest city in each. In this post, we’ll learn more about some of the most notable counties in the state, starting with the most populous.

Map of Virginia Counties

Below is a map of the 134 counties of Virginia (you can click on the map to enlarge it and to see the major city in each county).

A color-coded map showing the counties of Virginia with state borders and neighboring states labeled.
Virginia counties map with cities.

Interactive Map of Virginia Counties

Click on any of the counties on the map to see its population, economic data, time zone, and zip code (the data will appear below the map). Data is sourced from the US Census 2021.

List of the Counties of Virginia:

CountyPopulationPer sq. kmLargest City
Accomack County33,38828.69Chincoteague
Albemarle County111,43859.72University of Virginia
Alexandria City158,1854089.33Alexandria
Alleghany County15,26613.2Clifton Forge
Amelia County13,22014.36Amelia Court House
Amherst County31,38125.56Madison Heights
Appomattox County16,03918.53Appomattox
Arlington County235,7643501.46Arlington
Augusta County76,94830.72Stuarts Draft
Bath County4,2433.1Hot Springs
Bedford County79,18340.22Forest
Bland County6,2786.78Bastian
Botetourt County33,54223.93Hollins
Bristol City16,996509.84Bristol
Brunswick County16,04410.94Lawrenceville
Buchanan County20,61515.83Grundy
Buckingham County16,83211.21Dillwyn
Buena Vista City6,649398.75Buena Vista
Campbell County55,65642.7Timberlake
Caroline County30,86122.59Lake Land’Or
Carroll County29,12323.69Hillsville
Charles City County6,81714.39Charles City
Charlotte County11,6059.43Keysville
Charlottesville City46,5971756.08Charlottesville
Chesapeake City247,172281.97Chesapeake
Chesterfield County359,798328.02Chester
Clarke County14,72632.31Berryville
Colonial Heights City18,127930.77Colonial Heights
Covington City5,716403.56Covington
Craig County4,9145.78New Castle
Culpeper County52,02152.97Culpeper
Cumberland County9,66912.55Farmville
Danville City42,556383.93Danville
Dickenson County14,25616.66Clintwood
Dinwiddie County28,04021.49Dinwiddie
Emporia City5,761322.18Emporia
Essex County10,62115.94Tappahannock
Fairfax City23,9801483.66Fairfax
Fairfax County1,146,8251132.4Centreville
Falls Church City14,4942734.58Falls Church
Fauquier County72,41643.15New Baltimore
Floyd County15,53615.75Floyd
Fluvanna County27,07836.41Lake Monticello
Franklin City8,249384.78Franklin
Franklin County54,82930.65Rocky Mount
Frederick County90,28784.38Shawneeland
Fredericksburg City28,0271035.49Fredericksburg
Galax City6,681313.19Galax
Giles County16,76418.12Pearisburg
Gloucester County38,58668.4Gloucester Point
Goochland County24,30033.27Goochland
Grayson County15,41813.47Independence
Greene County20,37450.44Twin Lakes
Greensville County11,46514.99Jarratt
Halifax County34,22816.16South Boston
Hampton City136,7481026Hampton
Hanover County109,23290.19Mechanicsville
Harrisonburg City52,0621159.29Harrisonburg
Henrico County331,924548.38Tuckahoe
Henry County51,07751.58Collinsville
Highland County2,2292.07Monterey
Hopewell City23,020858.39Hopewell
Isle of Wight County38,30146.84Smithfield
James City County77,733210.92
King and Queen County6,6908.2King and Queen Court House
King George County26,59757.17King George
King William County17,51124.68West Point
Lancaster County10,91631.62Kilmarnock
Lee County22,48219.94Pennington Gap
Lexington City7,2871125.75Lexington
Loudoun County413,574309.62Leesburg
Louisa County37,13628.96Louisa
Lunenburg County11,98210.72Victoria
Lynchburg City78,973622.58Lynchburg
Madison County13,73116.53Brightwood
Manassas City42,5961670.87Manassas
Manassas Park City17,0812173.83Manassas Park
Martinsville City13,476474.93Martinsville
Mathews County8,54838.42Mathews
Mecklenburg County30,34718.74South Hill
Middlesex County10,68631.66Deltaville
Montgomery County99,29499.1Blacksburg
Nelson County14,79512.13Nellysford
New Kent County22,51941.4New Kent
Newport News City185,0691035.76Newport News
Norfolk City238,5561728.9Norfolk
Northampton County12,22622.3Exmore
Northumberland County11,96524.13Kilmarnock
Norton City3,696190.85Norton
Nottoway County15,66719.24Blackstone
Orange County36,00140.75Lake of the Woods
Page County23,73429.56Luray
Patrick County17,66114.12Patrick Springs
Petersburg City33,229564.68Petersburg
Pittsylvania County60,83324.24Mount Hermon
Poquoson City12,382311.31Poquoson
Portsmouth City97,4541129.92Portsmouth
Powhatan County29,97944.48Powhatan
Prince Edward County21,88724.15Farmville
Prince George County42,17061.36Fort Lee
Prince William County477,224549.6Dale City
Pulaski County33,89340.91Pulaski
Radford City16,205646.6Radford
Rappahannock County7,40010.73Chester Gap
Richmond City225,6761454.05Richmond
Richmond County8,90217.95Warsaw
Roanoke City99,578904.19Roanoke
Roanoke County96,303148.41Cave Spring
Rockbridge County22,66314.67East Lexington
Rockingham County83,09037.75Massanetta Springs
Russell County25,93221.14Lebanon
Salem City25,335673.91Salem
Scott County21,57615.55Gate City
Shenandoah County44,03733.46Strasburg
Smyth County29,96025.62Marion
Southampton County18,02811.62Courtland
Spotsylvania County138,493133.21Spotsylvania Courthouse
Stafford County154,204221.16Aquia Harbour
Staunton City25,358491.49Staunton
Suffolk City93,26890.22Suffolk
Surry County6,5639.08Claremont
Sussex County10,9608.63Waverly
Tazewell County40,61530.23Richlands
Virginia Beach City457,658722.05Virginia Beach
Warren County40,44272.77Front Royal
Washington County53,99737.15Abingdon
Waynesboro City22,149571.27Waynesboro
Westmoreland County18,32430.85Colonial Beach
Williamsburg City15,299660.87Williamsburg
Winchester City28,1941184.15Winchester
Wise County36,53134.96Big Stone Gap
Wythe County28,34723.69Wytheville
York County69,635256.78Bethel Manor

Largest Counties in Virginia by Population

Fairfax County

Aerial view of a suburban area with colorful autumn foliage, a river winding through the landscape, residential houses along its banks, and a city skyline in the distance against a partly cloudy blue sky.
Lake Audubon and Lake Thoreau in Reston, Virginia

Fairfax County, established in 1742, is located in Northern Virginia, adjacent to Washington, D.C., and is the most populous county in the state. The county seat is Fairfax, but the region is characterized by a collection of suburban communities, bustling commercial centers, and government institutions.

The area is a blend of historical significance and modern-day innovation. It hosts several important government agencies, including the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Reconnaissance Office, as well as Fortune 500 companies, contributing to its economic vitality.

Cultural and recreational opportunities abound in Fairfax County. The Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts is a notable venue offering a wide range of performances. Great Falls Park provides stunning views of the Potomac River and numerous outdoor activities.

The county’s rich history is preserved at sites like George Washington’s Mount Vernon Estate and the Air and Space Museum’s Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, showcasing the county’s diverse attractions and making it a vibrant community for both residents and visitors.

Prince William County

A historic battlefield scene at sunset with antique cannons in the foreground, a wooden farmhouse, and a distant memorial obelisk against a backdrop of a vibrant sky and scattered clouds.
Manassas National Battlefield Park

Prince William County, established in 1731, is located in Northern Virginia and stands as one of the state’s most populous counties. The county seat, Manassas, is historically significant for the Battle of Bull Run, known as the first major battle of the Civil War, with the Manassas National Battlefield Park preserving this crucial piece of American history.

The county has seen substantial growth and development, transforming into a vibrant suburban community with a strong economic base, supported by a mix of technology firms, government contractors, and retail establishments. Prince William County also boasts a diverse natural landscape, from the protected wetlands and forests along the Potomac River to the rural beauty of the county’s western parts.

Recreational opportunities are plentiful, including hiking and camping in Prince William Forest Park, the largest natural protected area in the D.C. metropolitan region. The county also features the Potomac Mills mall, one of the largest shopping centers in Northern Virginia, and the Hylton Performing Arts Center, which hosts a variety of cultural and musical events.

Virginia Beach City

Aerial view of a sunlit beach alongside a road with a row of hotels, under a clear blue sky during early evening.
Virginia Beach, Virginia

Virginia Beach is an independent city and not part of any county. It’s the most populous city in Virginia and offers a wide array of attractions and amenities.

Situated along the southeastern coast of the state, Virginia Beach boasts a long stretch of sandy beaches that attract tourists and locals alike for sunbathing, swimming, and surfing. The city’s Oceanfront area is lined with hotels, restaurants, and the iconic Virginia Beach Boardwalk, providing endless entertainment and dining options.

The city is also home to the First Landing State Park, marking the arrival site of the Jamestown colonists in 1607, and the Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge, a sanctuary for migratory birds. For military history enthusiasts, the Military Aviation Museum displays one of the largest private collections of World War I and World War II military aircraft in the world.

Loudoun County

Aerial view of a small town at sunrise with mixed architectural styles, including a multi-story modern building, traditional houses, and a street grid layout, with the sun rising in the hazy sky in the background.
Market Station in Leesburg, Virginia

Loudoun County, established in 1757, is situated in northern Virginia and is known for its rapid growth and high quality of life. The county seat, Leesburg, boasts a historic downtown filled with shops, restaurants, and galleries.

Loudoun is famed for its scenic beauty, encompassing part of the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Potomac River. The county’s rural western region is home to a thriving wine industry, with numerous vineyards and wineries offering tastings and tours.

The area has become a tech hub, hosting data centers and tech companies that contribute to its economy. The Washington Dulles International Airport, located within the county, connects Loudoun to destinations worldwide.

Outdoor activities include hiking the W&OD Trail, visiting the historic Waterford village, and exploring the numerous parks and recreational areas.

Chesterfield County

A brick pathway leading to a colonial-style building with white columns, a central pediment, and a cupola, flanked by white benches and green trees under a clear blue sky.
Chesterfield County Courthouse

Chesterfield County, established in 1749, lies in central Virginia, with the James River defining its northern boundary. The county seat, Chesterfield, is part of the Richmond metropolitan area, offering residents suburban convenience alongside natural beauty.

Historic sites such as the Magnolia Grange and the 1892 Historic Courthouse reflect the county’s rich history. Pocahontas State Park, one of Virginia’s largest state parks, provides a wide range of outdoor activities, including hiking, biking, and boating, set against the backdrop of Virginia’s diverse woodland scenery.

Henricus Historical Park reenacts Virginia’s early colonial life, offering educational programs and living history demonstrations. Chesterfield’s commitment to preserving its natural and historical heritage is evident in its parks and museums.

The county also features modern amenities and shopping centers, ensuring residents have access to both leisure and necessities. The robust school system and community-focused initiatives make Chesterfield an appealing place for families.

Smallest Counites in Virginia by Population

Highland County

A vibrant autumn landscape featuring rolling hills with colorful foliage, farmhouses, and a shadow-casting cloud pattern overhead.
Monterey, Virginia

Highland County, established in 1847, is Virginia’s least populous county, often referred to as “Virginia’s Switzerland” for its high elevation and stunning mountainous terrain. Monterey, the county seat, embodies the quaint, small-town atmosphere that defines the region.

Highland County is celebrated for its annual Maple Festival, which draws visitors from across the state to celebrate the maple syrup production process during early spring. The festival showcases the county’s deep-rooted agricultural traditions and the natural beauty of the surrounding Allegheny Mountains.

The area offers numerous outdoor activities, including hiking in the George Washington National Forest, fishing in the pristine streams, and bird watching, with opportunities to see a variety of species in their natural habitat.

Norton City

A pathway leading towards an observation tower with stone pillars and an overhanging roof against a cloudy sky background.
High Knob Observation Tower in Norton, Virginia

Norton City, established in 1954, is an independent city in Virginia, not classified within a county, and stands as one of the state’s smallest by area. Located in the southwestern part of Virginia, in the heart of the Appalachian Mountains, Norton serves as a hub for the surrounding coal mining regions.

The city is surrounded by natural beauty, offering access to outdoor activities such as hiking and mountain biking in the nearby Jefferson National Forest. Flag Rock Recreational Area, sometimes referred to as “Norton’s Mountain Masterpiece,” provides spectacular views of the city and features the Flag Rock Overlook, where a large American flag and a statue of the “Woodbooger,” a local Sasquatch-like legend, can be found.

Norton’s community is closely knit, with events like the Best Friend Festival celebrating the city’s heritage and the camaraderie among residents. The city also prides itself on the High Knob Observation Tower, the highest point in the Cumberland Mountains, offering panoramic views of the surrounding five states.

Bath County

A winding brick pathway leading up to a large, historic multi-story building with a clock tower, set against a backdrop of hills and a clear blue sky.
Homestead Resort in Hot Springs, Virginia

Bath County, established in 1790, is nestled in the Allegheny Mountains of western Virginia. Known for its vast expanses of national forest land and the luxurious Omni Homestead Resort in Hot Springs, Bath County is a haven for relaxation and outdoor pursuits.

The county’s natural hot springs have attracted visitors for centuries, leading to the development of spa treatments and thermal baths that are still popular today. Douthat State Park, another highlight, offers hiking, fishing, and boating opportunities amidst scenic beauty.

Agriculture plays a vital role in the local economy, with farms spread across the county’s fertile valleys. Community events, such as the Maple Festival, celebrate Bath County’s rural heritage and tight-knit community.

Other Notable Counties in Virginia

Albemarle County

A neoclassical red brick mansion with white columns and trim, dome, and balconies, surrounded by lush gardens with blooming tulips under a clear blue sky.
Monticello in Charlottesville, Virginia

Albemarle County, established in 1744, is located in central Virginia and is renowned for its historical landmarks and picturesque landscapes. Charlottesville, the county seat, is not only the heart of Albemarle but also a cultural and academic center, home to the University of Virginia, designed by Thomas Jefferson.

Monticello, the iconic home of Thomas Jefferson, sits atop a mountain in Albemarle, offering panoramic views and a glimpse into the life of the third U.S. President. Alongside its historical significance, the county is part of Virginia’s wine country, with numerous vineyards and wineries that contribute to the region’s agritourism.

The rural areas of Albemarle boast scenic beauty, with rolling hills, lush forests, and the Rivanna River enhancing the county’s natural appeal. Outdoor activities abound, from hiking in the Shenandoah National Park to exploring the many trails and parks within the county itself.

Arlington County

Sunlight streaming through autumn-colored leaves over a military cemetery with rows of white headstones.
Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington County is uniquely positioned directly across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., making it an integral part of the metropolitan area while maintaining its distinct character. Established in 1801, Arlington is Virginia’s smallest county by area, yet one of the most densely populated.

The county is home to several important national sites, including the Pentagon, Arlington National Cemetery, and the Marine Corps War Memorial. These landmarks draw visitors from around the world and serve as a reminder of America’s military heritage.

Despite its urban environment, Arlington offers numerous parks and trails, such as the Mount Vernon Trail, providing residents and visitors with green spaces and outdoor recreation opportunities. The county’s commitment to walkability and public transportation is evident in its well-planned neighborhoods and easy access to the nation’s capital.

Arlington’s vibrant community benefits from a diverse population and a strong economy, supported by a mix of government, professional services, and technology sectors. The county’s public school system is highly regarded, making it a desirable location for families.

Henrico County

Two antique cannons on display in a green field with trees and white buildings in the background under a clear blue sky.
Richmond National Battlefield Park

Henrico County, one of Virginia’s eight original shires created in 1634, is a vibrant community surrounding Richmond on three sides, blending historical significance with modern development. The county is home to the Richmond International Raceway, which hosts major NASCAR events, drawing fans from across the nation.

Richmond International Airport, located in Henrico, serves as a key transportation hub, facilitating travel and commerce. The county’s economy is diverse, with sectors ranging from retail and manufacturing to healthcare and technology.

Henrico is also known for its educational excellence, boasting a highly regarded public school system and several institutions of higher learning, including the University of Richmond and Reynolds Community College.

Outdoor and recreational opportunities abound in Henrico, with parks like Dorey Park and Deep Run Park offering walking trails, sports facilities, and picnic areas. The James River and its tributaries provide additional venues for water sports and leisure activities.

Henrico’s rich history can be explored through its many historical sites and landmarks, offering a window into both colonial times and the Civil War era.

James City County

A large brick building with a semi-circular window at the peak, multiple arched doorways, and a series of steps leading to the entrance, set against a clear sky with some greenery on the sides.
James City County Courthouse in Williamsburg, Virginia

James City County, established in 1634 as one of Virginia’s original shires, plays a pivotal role in America’s early history. Located on the Virginia Peninsula, it is home to Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the Americas, founded in 1607. Today, the Historic Jamestowne site offers a look into the lives of the settlers and the indigenous peoples through archaeological discoveries and exhibits.

Adjacent to Jamestown is Colonial Williamsburg, a living history museum that recreates 18th-century life in the capital of Colonial Virginia, offering immersive experiences through restored buildings, historical reenactments, and craftspeople workshops. This area, along with the nearby Yorktown Battlefield, forms part of the Historic Triangle, attracting history enthusiasts from around the world.

James City County also boasts modern amenities and natural beauty, with recreational opportunities along the James River, numerous parks, and golf courses. The county’s economy benefits from tourism, light industry, and its status as a sought-after residential community for those working in the Williamsburg area and nearby cities.

York County

A waterfront park with benches, flowerbeds, and flags in the foreground with a view of a long steel truss bridge extending over a wide river under a partially cloudy sky.
Riverwalk Landing Park in Yorktown, Virginia

York County, established in 1634, is part of Virginia’s historic triangle, encompassing significant American history. The county is located along the York River, culminating in Yorktown, the site of the final major battle of the American Revolutionary War. The Yorktown Battlefield, preserved as part of the Colonial National Historical Park, allows visitors to walk through the pivotal sites of American independence.

The county’s waterfront is also home to Riverwalk Landing, a picturesque area featuring shops, restaurants, and docks, offering leisure and dining with scenic river views. York County balances historical attractions with natural beauty, providing outdoor activities such as kayaking, fishing, and exploring the numerous trails and parks.

The American Revolution Museum at Yorktown offers immersive exhibits and living history demonstrations, providing insights into the nation’s formative years.

More About Counties in Virginia: FAQs

What is the largest county in Virginia by area?

Pittsylvania County is the largest by area in Virginia, offering a mix of rural landscapes and small towns. It covers 978 sq mi (2,533 km2).

Which county in Virginia is known for its naval base?

Norfolk County is renowned for housing the largest naval complex in the world, Naval Station Norfolk.

What Virginia county is the Shenandoah National Park located in?

Shenandoah National Park spans several counties, but a significant portion is in Page County.

What is the smallest county in Virginia by area?

Densely populated and highly urbanized, Arlington County is the smallest by area, covering just 26 square miles (67 km2).

Which Virginia county has the highest elevation point?

Grayson County features the state’s highest elevation point at Mount Rogers, with an elevation of 5,729 feet (1,746 m).

Image Sources and Copyright Information
  • Aerial View of a Serene Lake Surrounded by Autumn-Colored Trees and Residential Area: © Kevin Capretti/Shutterstock
  • Sunset over the Historic Battlefield with Cannons and Henry House at Manassas National Battlefield Park: © Zack Frank/Shutterstock
  • Sunset View of Virginia Beach with Oceanfront Hotels and Expansive Sandy Shoreline: Virginia Beach, Virginia
  • Sunrise Over Market Station in Leesburg, Loudoun County: © Brian Balik/Shutterstock
  • Chesterfield County Courthouse in Virginia on a Sunny Day: © Enoch Rasmussen/Shutterstock
  • Autumn Splendor in Highland County with Vibrant Fall Foliage: © Kristi Blokhin/Shutterstock
  • Observation Tower Overlooking a Scenic Vista on a Cloudy Day: © mzglass96/Shutterstock
  • Scenic View of the Historic Homestead Resort in Hot Springs, Virginia: © Jon Marc Lyttle/Shutterstock
  • Springtime at a Historic Brick Mansion with Blooming Tulips: © N8Allen/Shutterstock