Located in the Caucasus, the intersection point of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, Azerbaijan has the largest surface area of the South Caucasus.
It is located in the east of the Caspian Sea, Georgia in the northwest, Armenia in the west, Russia in the north and Iran in the south.
The Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, which is connected to it, borders Armenia in the north and east, and Iran in the south and west. There are 17 kilometers of border with Turkey.
Azerbaijan Key Facts
- Population: 9,972,872
- Population Density: 121 per Km2
- Land Area: 86,658 Km ²
The Caspian Sea which forms the eastern border, the Great Caucasus Range in the north and the wide plains in the center are the most dominant physical qualities of Azerbaijan.
Caucasus and Talis Mountains cover about forty percent of the country. Bazardüzü Peak is the highest point of Azerbaijan (4,466 m) and the Caspian Sea is the lowest point (-28 m).
In addition, about half of the mud volcanoes nominated for inclusion in the Seven Wonders of Nature remain within the borders of Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan, whose capital is Baku, is divided into 59 states, called rayons, 75 cities and 9 economic divisions. 11 cities have metropolitan status.
The biggest cities of the capital except Baku are Sumqayit, Mingechevir, and Ganja. Nakhichevan is an autonomous region of Azerbaijan.
Also read: Economic Regions of Azerbaijan
A mild continental climate prevails in Azerbaijan. There is a harsh climate in high mountains and other high sections.
High winters are long, cold and snowy, and summers are cool. In the plains, winters are cool and mostly rainy but sometimes snowy and summers are hot and dry. The average annual temperature is above 10 degrees.
Azerbaijan is a secular country. The majority of the country where there is no official religion is formed by Shiite Muslims.
In addition, the Orthodox Christian minority lives in the country due to the influence of the Russian population.
Industry and Tourism
Azerbaijan, which spent its 90 years with economic crisis, has rich agricultural resources in terms of fertile agricultural lands and natural gas, oil and iron ore.
Crude oil production, which is the main source of income, is at considerable levels. Other income generating economic activities are in areas such as petrochemical, food, clothing and light industry.
Traditional crafts of Azerbaijan, which is a common culture with Turkey as hand-woven rugs and container and copper processing pitcher is famous.
The Azerbaijani music, which has a history of nearly 1,000 years, produced rhythmic and different melodies, the subjects of its music and the social events of the Azerbaijani people. The Azeri language is mostly influenced by Turkish, Arabic and Persian words, but the traditional Azerbaijani music is also predominant in Caucasus, Central Asia, and Iran.
Azerbaijan won first place in 2011 in the Eurovision Song Contest with the song Running Scared, by Eldar and Nigar. The country also has well-known Azeri artists such as Reşid Behbudov, Muslum Magomayev, and Flora Kerimova.
Freestyle wrestling is the national sport of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan won 14 medals in this branch. Today, the most common sports in Azerbaijan are chess and football.